Full TGIF Record # 10121
Item 1 of 1
Web URL(s):https://listings.lib.msu.edu/nwtgt/1987apr.pdf#page=7
    Last checked: 01/19/2017
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Publication Type:
Author(s):Goss, Roy L.
Author Affiliation:Exec. Secretary, Northwest Turfgrass Association and Western Washington Research & Extension Center, Puyallup, WA
Title:Managing anaerobic soils
Source:Northwest Turfgrass Topics. Vol. 30, No. 1, April 1987, p. 7.
# of Pages:1
Publishing Information:Puyallup, Wash., Northwest Turfgrass Association
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Anaerobic conditions; Anaerobic soil; Black layer; Drainage; Poa annua; Sulfides; Sulfur; Topdressings
Abstract/Contents:Article discusses the problem of "Black Layer" or "Black Plague" due to an anaerobic condition developed through neglect of one to several management practices including drainage, aerification, and reduction of compaction. Also notes that, "When soils become compacted, particularly under saturated or near-saturated conditions, the oxygen diffusion rate into these soils is near zero. Organic materials, which have accumulated in the surface few inches of these soils, may break down anaerobically and many of their components are not oxidized, but are reduced. There have been comments from some writers aluding to the fact that sulfur applications are part of the problem. It should be common knowledge to these people that most of the soil's sulfur is held in reserve in organic matter. Regardless of whether we apply the material as elemental sulfur or the plant gets it from break down of organic matter is irrelevant from the standpoint of oxidation and reduction. Under anaerobic conditions sulfide ions are formed instead of sulfate ions and one of the end products is hydrogen sulfide, which is a very foul-smelling substance. Usually, the resulting color is also black. There isn't much question that under this total neglect of soil drainage and aeration that additional sulfur will cause problems. However, hydrogen sulfide can be produced without the addition of any elemental or extraneous sulfur applications. Sulfide ions can also interact with iron and other micronutrients to form insoluable sulfides. It is also common knowledge that most of these insoluble metal sulfides are usually black." Also considers the relationship to topdressing, algae, drainage, and faster greens.
Note:Reprint appears in Newsletter of the Northern Michigan Turf Managers Association, July 1987, p. 3
Reprint appears in USGA Green Section Record, July/August 1987, 25(4), p. 12-13
Reprint appears in Green is Beautiful, September 1987, p. 8-9, with variant illustrations
Reprint appears in OGCSA Newsletter, September 1987, 2(3), p. 15-18
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Goss, R. L. 1987. Managing anaerobic soils. Northwest Turfgrass Topics. 30(1):p. 7.
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    Last checked: 01/19/2017
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MSU catalog number: SB 433 .A1 N6
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