Full TGIF Record # 101448
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Web URL(s):http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1081/PFC-200034216
    Last checked: 10/09/2015
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Author(s):de Andréa, Mara M.; Papini, Solange
Author Affiliation:de Andr√©a: Centro de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento em Prote√ß√£o Ambiental, Instituto Biol√≥gico, S√£o Paulo, S√£o Paulo, Brazil; and Papini: Vigil√Ęncia Ambiental, Prefeitura Municipal de S√£o Paulo, Brazil
Title:Influence of soil properties on bioaccumulation of 14C-simazine in earthworms Eisenia foetida
Source:Journal of Environmental Science and Health: Part B: Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes. Vol. B40, No. 1, 2005, p. 55-58.
# of Pages:4
Publishing Information:New York: Marcel Dekker
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Earthworms; Bioindicators; Simazine; Plant recovery; Soil properties; Toxicity; Soil contamination; Organic matter; Herbicides; Mesh element matrices
Abstract/Contents:"The toxicity of pesticides has been evaluated by several methods including tests with earthworms in both artificial and natural soils treated with the compounds. The ecological niches of earthworms make them good bioindicators of soil contamination. The bioaccumulation of 14C-simazine (6-chloro-N2-N4-diethyl- 1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine) was evaluated in earthworms (Eisenia foetida) maintained during three months in two substrates with different physical-chemical characteristics. The substrates were treated with 3.0 mg and 330 kBq of 14C-simazine kg-1 substrate. Results indicated that worms did not influence simazine dissipation in both substrates as indicated by similar recoveries and with so statistical differences with and without earthworms. The radiocarbon recoveries were 86.8 and 95.3%, respectively in the substrates with lower and higher organic matter contents with earthworms, and 91.0 and 107.4% in the same substrates without worms. However, in earthworms the recoveries were statistically higher when they were maintained in the substrate with lower amount of organic matter (0.89%) than from the higher one (0.33%). Consequently, 14C-simazine bioconcentration factor (BCF) was also greater in the substrate with lower organic matter (6.89^D+-1.55) than in the substrate with higher organic matter content (0.88^D+-0.06). The results suggest that the higher soil organic matter content will cause lower probability of contamination of soil organisms with simazine."
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
de Andréa, M. M., and S. Papini. 2005. Influence of soil properties on bioaccumulation of 14C-simazine in earthworms Eisenia foetida. J. Environ. Sci. Health. B40(1):p. 55-58.
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    Last checked: 10/09/2015
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