Full TGIF Record # 102038
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Web URL(s):http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1975.tb01395.x/epdf
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Author(s):Charles, A. H.; England, F.; Thompson, A. J.
Author Affiliation:Charles: Welsh Plant Breeding Station; England: Scottish Plant Breeding Station; and Thomson: Plant Breeding Institute, Cambridge
Title:The effect of nitrogen application and autumn management on autumn growth, winter 'burn' and spring growth of Lolium perenne L. at Aberystwyth, Edinburgh and Cambridge
Source:Journal of the British Grassland Society. Vol. 30, No. 4, December 1975, p. 315-325.
# of Pages:11
Publishing Information:Oxford: British Grassland Society
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Lolium perenne; Cultivar evaluation; Winterkill; Winter injury; Yield response; Nitrogen fertilization; Fall fertilization; Research plots; Cultural methods; Spring green-up; Relative yield total; Cold resistance; Nitrogen; Autumn maintenance
Abstract/Contents:"A trial was carried out to find management practices which would permit the best discrimination for winter performance of perennial ryegrass cultivars. Due to the mild winter experienced only a few of the plants were killed outright. The cultivars were therefore assessed for percentage of green herbage and for spring growth. There were four sites: an upland and lowland site at Aberystwyth and one site each at Edinburgh and Cambridge. At all sites two N rates (totals of 125 or 550 kg/ha in the first year after sowing) and 5 autumn cutting treatments were used to give differences in the amounts of herbage remaining at the onset of winter. The last dates of defoliation in the autumn were: C1 end of August; C2 end of September; C3 end of October; C4 mid-November; C5 was cut on all these dates. Four cultivars (Grasslands Ruanui, S321, Premo and Argo) which differed in their autumn growth potential, frost susceptibility and degree of winter dormancy were grown. The autumn yield of S321 was, in general, higher than that of the other cultivars but there were interactions with N, management and location. The data on percentage of herbage remaining green in February illustrated differences due to the siting of the trial. In the conditions prevailing the two Aberystwyth sites facilitated greater discrimination between cultivars than those at Edinburgh and Cambridge. In three of the four sites the management which produced most winter 'burn' (including both that due to natural senescence and that due to winter damage) involved accumulation of herbage in the autumn but there were considerable sites x managements interactions. For example at Cambridge management produced no significant effect whereas at the Aberystwyth lowland site frequent defoliation in the autumn had more effect than allowing herbage to remain uncut after the end of August. High N significantly decreased the percentage of green herbage only at the two Aberystwyth sites. Over five-fold differences in spring yield were obtained, the heaviest yields being recorded at Edinburgh and Cambridge. However, there were large interactions between environments and cultivars; for example the higher N rate reduced spring yield at Aberystwyth but increased spring yield at Edinburgh and Cambridge. Premo and S321 had similar yields in spring at the Aberystwyth lowland and Cambridge sites but Premo was higher yielding than S321 at the Aberystwyth upland site and at Edinburgh. The large environmental effects and their interactions with cultivars illustrate the difficulties of cultivar assessment and the dangers inherent in national recommendations for grass cultivars."
Geographic Terms:Aberystwyth, Wales, United Kingdom; Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom; Cambridge, England, United Kingdom
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Charles, A. H., F. England, and A. J. Thompson. 1975. The effect of nitrogen application and autumn management on autumn growth, winter 'burn' and spring growth of Lolium perenne L. at Aberystwyth, Edinburgh and Cambridge. J. Br. Grassland Soc. 30(4):p. 315-325.
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    Last checked: 10/02/2015
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