Full TGIF Record # 120894
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Web URL(s):http://usgatero.msu.edu/v06/n01.pdf
    Last checked: 02/07/2007
    Requires: PDF Reader
Publication Type:
Author(s):Semlitsch, Raymond D.; Boone, Michelle D.; Bodie, J. Russell
Author Affiliation:Semlitsch: Curators' Professor, Division of Biological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri; Boone: Assistant Professor, Department of Zoology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio; Bodie: Scientist and Project Manager, Audubon International, Pawleys Island, South Carolina
Title:Golf courses could bolster amphibian communities
Source:USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online. Vol. 6, No. 1, January 1 2007, p. [1-16].
# of Pages:18
Publishing Information:Far Hills, NJ: United States Golf Association, Green Section
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Lissamphibia; Golf courses in the environment; Habitats; Aquatic environment; Wetlands; Wildlife; Biodiversity; Nature conservation
Abstract/Contents:"Golf courses have the potential to serve as santuaries for amphibians, and other wildlife species. However, design and management must focus on biological needs of amphibians, including aquatic breeding habitats, terrestrial core habitats surrounding wetlands, complementation of aquatic and terrestrial habitats, and connectivity among wetlands. For aquatic habitats, we recommend that fish be eliminated and that a diversity of pond types be created or maintained to mimic natural wetlands in the region. Aquatic habitats must also be buffered from chemical runoffs by using BMP and IMPs, and be monitored for effectiveness. For terrestrial habitats, we recommend that all wetlands be surrounded by a core habitat of forest and native grasses or a combination extending 150-300 meters from the water and uninterrupted by barriers such as roads. Terrestrial connectivity of wetlands is essential for overland movement of amphibians, recolonization, and for long-term persistence of populations. Education and outreach with local, regional, and national groups on amphibians and golf is essential to staying informed, modifying management strategies, and maximizing the benefit to humans and wildlife. If recommendations detailed in this paper are taken seriously, we strongly believe that golf courses can become a place where amphibians can thrive, regional diversity can be bolstered, and amphibians can become a sentinel for a healthy ecosystem."
See Also:See also related article "Using golf courses to bolster amphibian communities: University of Missouri scientists provide amphibian management guidelines for ecologically minded superintendents" USGA Green Section Record, 45(4) July-August 2007, R=125410 R=125410

See also related article "Bolstering amphibian communities on golf courses" 76(4) April 2008 p. 111-118 R=134975 R=134975
See Also:Other Reports from this USGA research project: 2003-28-269
Note:Reprint appears in Sustainable Golf Campaign Blog, December 29 2008, p. [1]
Summary as abstract
Includes sidebar, "Recommendations for bolstering amphibians on golf courses", p. 11
Pictures, color
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Semlitsch, R. D., M. D. Boone, and J. R. Bodie. 2007. Golf courses could bolster amphibian communities. USGA Turfgrass Environ. Res. Online. 6(1):p. [1-16].
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    Last checked: 02/07/2007
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MSU catalog number: SB 433 .A1 A65 [online]
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