Full TGIF Record # 136402
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Publication Type:
Author(s):Hoveland, C. S.; Haaland, R. L.; Rodriguez-Kabana, R.
Author Affiliation:Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama
Title:Soil nematodes and forage production of some cool season grasses
Section:Plant disease, harmful plants, and their control on grassland: Pest and pathogenic agents
Other records with the "Plant disease, harmful plants, and their control on grassland: Pest and pathogenic agents" Section
Source:International Grassland Congress, Proceedings. Vol. 2, 1977, p. 1257-1259.
# of Pages:3
Publishing Information:Zurich, Etc., V. P.
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Nematoda; Sandy soils; Cool season turfgrasses; Dactylis glomerata; Festuca arundinacea; Phalaris; Methyl bromide; Carbofuran; Nematicides; Secale cereale; Lolium multiflorum; Root depth; Water uptake; Nutrient uptake; Tylenchorhynchus claytoni; Hoplolaimus galeatus; Breeding; Cultivar improvement
Abstract/Contents:"Nematodes in sandy soils of southeastern U.S.A. are a major factor in reducing forage yields and stands of cool season perennial grasses such as orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.), tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.), and phalaris (Phalaris aquatica L.). Soil treatments with methyl bromide or carbofuran (2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyl methylcarbamate) nematicide has resulted in 30 to over 300 % increases in forage yields of these perennial grasses and of cool season annual grasses such as rye (Secale cereale L). and annual ryegrasses (Lolium multiflorum Lam.). Root pruning by the nematodes reduces effective rooting depth in terms of water and nutrient absorption capability even during short drought periods. Nematodes identified as important factors on these grasses are stunt (Tylenchorhynchus claytoni Steiner), lance (Hoplolaimus galeatus (Cobb) Thorne), and stubby root (Trichodorus christiei Allen). Breeding for host plant resistance to nematodes will be necessary to improve forage yields and extend geographical range of these grass species."
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Hoveland, C. S., R. L. Haaland, and R. Rodriguez-Kabana. 1977. Soil nematodes and forage production of some cool season grasses. p. 1257-1259. In International Grassland Congress, Proceedings. Zurich, Etc., V. P.
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