Full TGIF Record # 137051
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Publication Type:
Author(s):Stier, J.; Steinke, K.; Schneider, J.; Soldat, D.
Author Affiliation:Stier and Schneider: Department of Horticulture; Soldat: Department of Soil Science, University of WisconsinĀ­Madison, Madison, Wisconsin; Steinke: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Texas A&M University
Title:Turf and prairie attenuate water movement and quality similarly in urban environments
Section:Volunteer presentations
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Meeting Info.:19-20 May 2008: Pisa Italy
Source:1st European Turfgrass Society Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1, May 2008, p. 177-178.
Publishing Information:Pisa, Italy: European Turfgrass Society
# of Pages:2
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Water quality; Urban habitat; Rain gardens; Nitrates; Phosphorus; Surface runoff; Leachates; Groundwater contamination
Abstract/Contents:Presents a study conducted to "quantify the relative contributions of TSS [total suspended solids] and total phosphorus (TP) in runoff from turf and prairie vegetation, and to compare the NO3 [nitrate] contamination and potential groundwater recharge from turf and prairie plantings when used as rain gardens." Details methods and materials used in the study, stating that "two field projects were established to determine the relative impacts of turf and prairie plantings, including rain gardens, on ground and surface water quality plus runoff and groundwater recharge volumes. Poa pratensis sod was placed in six areas, using a randomized block design, of a 9 year old mesic prairie growing on a silt loam soil with a 6% slope, in July 2003." Reports that "prairie vegetation allowed 40 mm [millimeters] runoff while sod allowed only 15 mm...Turf had a higher infiltration rate (29.5 cm [centimeters] hr-1 [per hour]). Prairie produced 12.2 kg [kilograms] TSS ha-1 [per hectare] compared to 3.2 kg TSS ha-1 from turf." States that "results from the two projects showed that vegetation type had little practical impact on runoff volume, TSS, and P loading into surface waters." Concludes that "turf and prairie vegetation can provide similar protection of surface and groundwater resources, while fertilization of turf does not necessarily increase the potential for nutrient loss."
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Stier, J., K. Steinke, J. Schneider, and D. Soldat. 2008. Turf and prairie attenuate water movement and quality similarly in urban environments. Eur. Turfgrass Soc. Conf. Proc. 1:p. 177-178.
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