Full TGIF Record # 139260
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Web URL(s):https://web.archive.org/web/20131021055649/http://www2.gcsaa.org/GCM/2008/sept/pdfs/turfinsecticide.pdf
    Last checked: 08/09/2016
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https://archive.lib.msu.edu/tic/gcman/article/2008sep82.pdf
    Last checked: 09/30/2008
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Publication Type:
i
Professional
Author(s):Silcox, Charles A.; Vittum, Patricia J.
Author Affiliation:Silcox: Product Development Manager, Turf and Oranamentals, DuPont Professional Products, Wilmington, Delaware; Vittum: Professor, Entemology, Department of Plant, Soil and Insect Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts
Title:Turf insecticide classes and modes of action: Products using 12 modes of action are currently available for use on golf courses, but researchers continue to look for new target areas.
Article Series:Turf insecticide modes of action and resistance management, Part I
Section:Research
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Source:Golf Course Management. Vol. 76, No. 9, September 2008, p. 82-90.
# of Pages:9
Publishing Information:Lawrence, KS: Golf Course Superintendents Association of America
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Insecticides; Mode of action; Chemical groups; Insecticide resistance; Carbamate insecticides; Organophosphate insecticides; Pyrethroid insecticides; Neonicotinoid insecticides; Insect control; Spinosyns; Pyriproxyfen; Bacillus thuringiensis; Biological control; Hydramethylnon
Abstract/Contents:Discusses potential methods of action for insecticides. Suggests that "it may be time for superintendents to give more thought to incorporating products with...modes of action [developed around 2008] into their insect management programs." States that "the U.S. [United States] EPA [Environmental Protection Agency] has...developed voluntary insecticide resistance management guidelines based on the IRAC [Insecticide Resistance Action Committee] mode of action classification scheme." Details an experiment conducted on 12 modes, including carbamates, organophosphates, phenylpyrazoles, pyrethroids, neonicotinoids, spinosyns, pyriproxyfen, Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki, diacylhydrazines, hydramethylnon, oxydiazines, and anthranilic diamides. Describes the development history of each of these modes and the current products registered for use on golf courses containing each mode. Concludes that "a fundamental principle of insecticide resistance management is to minimize dependence on a single product or multiple products that share the same mode of action."
Language:English
References:10
See Also:See also related article "Development of resistance by turf insects to insecticides: Although insects are beginning to show resistance to insecticides, superintendents can manage products to extend their usefulness" Golf Course Management, 75(10) October 2008, p. 100-106 R=140268 R=140268
Note:"Editors note: This is the first of two articles based on a GCSAA seminar, 'Turf insecticides modes of action and resistance management,' which was taught by the authors for the first time at GCSAA's Education Conference in Orlando in 2008. The seminar explains the basics of insect physiology, insecticide modes of action and resistance management strategies.
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ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Silcox, C. A., and P. J. Vittum. 2008. Turf insecticide classes and modes of action: Products using 12 modes of action are currently available for use on golf courses, but researchers continue to look for new target areas.. Golf Course Manage. 76(9):p. 82-90.
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Web URL(s):
https://web.archive.org/web/20131021055649/http://www2.gcsaa.org/GCM/2008/sept/pdfs/turfinsecticide.pdf
    Last checked: 08/09/2016
    Requires: PDF Reader
https://archive.lib.msu.edu/tic/gcman/article/2008sep82.pdf
    Last checked: 09/30/2008
    Requires: PDF Reader
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