Full TGIF Record # 139297
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Web URL(s):https://web.archive.org/web/20090824183817/http://www.gcsaa.org/GCM/2008/sept/pdfs/effectsballmark.pdf
    Last checked: 08/09/2016
    Requires: PDF Reader
https://archive.lib.msu.edu/tic/gcman/article/2008sep95.pdf
    Last checked: 09/30/2008
    Requires: PDF Reader
Publication Type:
i
Professional
Author(s):Kowalewski, Alexander R.; Rogers, John N. III
Author Affiliation:Kowalewski: Doctoral Student; Rogers: Professor, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan
Title:Effects of ball mark repair tools on an annual bluegrass green: When used correctly, all the golf course tools tested adequately repaired ball marks, but only a few could produce acceptable injury levels when they were used incorrectly
Section:Research
Other records with the "Research" Section
Source:Golf Course Management. Vol. 76, No. 9, September 2008, p. 95-98.
# of Pages:4
Publishing Information:Lawrence, KS: Golf Course Superintendents Association of America
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Ball marks; Poa annua; Golf green maintenance; Product evaluation; Ball mark repair tools; Injuries
Abstract/Contents:Discusses various ball mark repair tools, including restricted-entry and single-pronged tools, and their potential effects on an annual bluegrass green. Suggests that "[if] restricted-entry repair tools are used improperly, they will produce less damage than the traditional repair tools." Also suggests that "a single prong decreases the amount of surface area and underlying soil affected." Details a study which evaluates "the effectiveness of a variety of ball mark repair tools with a number of different physical characteristics when...used both correctly and incorrectly on an annual bluegrass...putting green." Describes the materials and methods used in the study. Reports the results of the study, stating that "there were still significant differences between the correct and incorrect usage of a number of repair tools 21 days after ball marks were created." Conludes that "if golfers are properly trained to use ball mark repair tools, it makes no difference which tool is used."
Language:English
References:9
Note:Pictures, color
Figures
Tables
Graphs
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Kowalewski, A. R., and J. N. III Rogers. 2008. Effects of ball mark repair tools on an annual bluegrass green: When used correctly, all the golf course tools tested adequately repaired ball marks, but only a few could produce acceptable injury levels when they were used incorrectly. Golf Course Manage. 76(9):p. 95-98.
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Web URL(s):
https://web.archive.org/web/20090824183817/http://www.gcsaa.org/GCM/2008/sept/pdfs/effectsballmark.pdf
    Last checked: 08/09/2016
    Requires: PDF Reader
https://archive.lib.msu.edu/tic/gcman/article/2008sep95.pdf
    Last checked: 09/30/2008
    Requires: PDF Reader
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MSU catalog number: b2193862a
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