Full TGIF Record # 139379
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Web URL(s):https://extension.arizona.edu/sites/extension.arizona.edu/files/pubs/14462b.pdf
    Last checked: 02/06/2017
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Publication Type:
i
Report
Author(s):Olsen, M. W.; Herrell, A.; Gilbert, J.
Title:Detection of the rapid blight pathogen Labyrinthula terrestris on non-symptomatic Poa trivialis
Section:Turf: Diseases and disease control
Other records with the "Turf: Diseases and disease control" Section
Source:2007-2008 Turfgrass, Landscape and Urban IPM Research Summary [Arizona]. January 2008, p. 13-18.
# of Pages:6
Publishing Information:Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona College of Agriculture & Life Sciences
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Labyrinthula terrestris; Poa trivialis; Cool season turfgrasses; Soil salinity; Irrigation water; Cynodon dactylon; Sodium chloride; Disease evaluation; Overseeding; Fungicides; Potassium chloride; Potassium sulfate
Abstract/Contents:"Rapid blight is a new disease of cool season turf grasses caused by Labyrinthula terrestris. It is problematic in Arizona and ten other states in cool season turfgrasses at sites with elevated salinity of soil and/or irrigation water. L. terrestris colonizes Tifgreen bermudagrasses in the field, but causes no apparent disease. Laboratory trials have shown that as concentrations of sodium chloride in irrigations water increase, disease severity increases, and when calcium and potassium salts are used to increase salinity, disease is greatly reduced or not observed. In preliminary field assays of cool-season turfgrasses irrigated with effluent, L. terrestris was observed in laboratory cultures from non-symptomatic turfgrass. To further substantiate if L. terrestris and/or other Labyrinthula species were present in non-symptomatic turfgrass in the field and to determine if disease could be induced by increased salinity, a trial was conducted at the Karsten Turfgrass Research Facility of the University of Arizona. In August 2006, field plots were established in bermudagrass "Tifway 419" and overseeded with Poa trivialis "Laser" in October. Plots were treated with potassium chloride, potassium sulfate or sodium chloride salts to increase soil salinity. Other plots treated with fungicides that are ineffective in controlling rapid blight as well as a sulfur treatment also were included in the assays. Poa trivialis was sampled in December 2006 and April 2007. In laboratory assays using a semi-selective medium, Labyrinthula was detected in all treatments. Incidence was significantly higher in the untreated control and fungicide treated plots than in the salt treated plots. Results show that increasing soil salinity did not induce disease or result in an increase in detection of Labyrinthula at this site. Results of this study on Poa trivialis and previous studies on Tifgreen bermudagrass suggest that Labyrinthula may be widespread in non-symptomatic turfgrasses."
Language:English
References:12
Note:"Published January 2008"
Tables
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Olsen, M. W., A. Herrell, and J. Gilbert. 2008. Detection of the rapid blight pathogen Labyrinthula terrestris on non-symptomatic Poa trivialis. Turfgrass Landscape Urban IPM Res. Summ. p. 13-18.
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Web URL(s):
https://extension.arizona.edu/sites/extension.arizona.edu/files/pubs/14462b.pdf
    Last checked: 02/06/2017
    Requires: PDF Reader
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