Full TGIF Record # 155263
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DOI:10.1007/978-0-387-79144-9_5
Web URL(s):https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-0-387-79144-9_5
    Last checked: 10/04/2017
Publication Type:
i
Report
Author(s):Kölliker, Roland; Boller, Beat; Majidi, Mahdi; Peter-Schmid, Madlaina K. I.; Bassin, Seraina; Widmer, Franco
Author Affiliation:Kölliker: Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon ART, Zurich, Switzerland; Boller, Peter-Schmid, Bassin and Widmer: Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon ART, Zurich, Switzerland; Majidi: Isfahan University of Technology (IUT), Isfahan, Iran
Title:Characterization and utilization of genetic resources for improvement and management of grassland species
Meeting Info.:5th International Symposium on the Molecular Breeding of Forage and Turf, Sapporo, Japan, 2007
Source:Molecular Breeding of Forage and Turf: The Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on the Molecular Breeding of Forage and Turf. 2009, p. 55-70.
# of Pages:16
Publishing Information:New York, New York: Springer
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Breeding improvement; Genetic diversity; Grassland improvement; Molecular markers; Polycross progeny; Selective breeding
Abstract/Contents:"Characterization and targeted utilisation of genetic diverstiy are crucial for any successful breeding program and may help to better understand ecological processes in complex multi-species grasslands. Molecular genetic markers allow for a rapid assessment of diversity at the genome level and highly informative, sequence-specific markers have become available for several grassland species. Although many grassland species are outbreeding and therefore require a large number of plants to be analysed per population, technical and statistical developments have enabled the molecular genetic characterisation of diversity for a broad range of purposes. Molecular markers allow for a targeted selection of parental plants in polycross breeding programs, which may lead to improved performance of the resulting progenies. Detailed characterisation of plant genetic resources existing in collections of ecotype populations, landraces or cultivars may enable breeders to specifically complement their breeding material. In addition, the identification and subsequent elimination of duplicate or highly similar accessions helps to reduce costs involved in maintaining large germplasm collections. The analysis of genetic diversity also allows to investigate the influence of management and environment on population structure or to determine the effect of in situ and ex situ conservation on genetic composition at the species or population level. Furthermore, molecular markers may be used to characterise the effect of environmental pollutants on genetic diversity within species present in permanent grassland. For several grassland species including ryegrasses, fescues and clovers, various studies have highlighted the benefit of detailed molecular genetic characterisation for a targeted utilisation of genetic resources."
ISBN:0387791434
ISBN-13:9780387791432
9780387791449
Language:English
References:66
Note:Figures
Graphs
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Kölliker, R., B. Boller, M. Majidi, S. Bassin, F. Widmer, and M. K. I. Peter-Schmid. 2009. Characterization and utilization of genetic resources for improvement and management of grassland species. Molecular Breeding of Forage and Turf: The Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on the Molecular Breeding of Forage and Turf. p. 55-70.
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DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-79144-9_5
Web URL(s):
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-0-387-79144-9_5
    Last checked: 10/04/2017

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