Full TGIF Record # 157006
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DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2494.1999.00187.x
Web URL(s):http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-2494.1999.00187.x/pdf
    Last checked: 02/21/2014
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Publication Type:
i
Refereed
Author(s):Garay, A. Hernández; Matthew, C.; Hodgson, J.
Author Affiliation:Plant Science Department, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
Title:Tiller size/density compensation in perennial ryegrass miniature swards subject to differing defoliation heights and a proposed productivity index
Source:Grass and Forage Science. Vol. 54, No. 4, December 1999, p. 347-356.
# of Pages:10
Publishing Information:Oxford, Blackwell Scientific Publications
Related Web URL:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-2494.1999.00187.x/abstract
    Last checked: 01/31/2014
    Notes: Abstract only
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Cultivar evaluation; Growth factors; Growth studies; Leaf area; Lolium perenne; Mowing height; Tiller density
Abstract/Contents:"The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of cutting height on tiller population density, tiller weight and herbage harvested in perennial ryegrass swards. One hundred mini-swards of Lolium perenne were established from seed on 5 May 1993 in 150 mm ┼ĺ 150 mm plastic pots in a greenhouse. The experimental period lasted 6 months (May to November). On 4 June all pots were cut to 50 mm and randomly allocated to five treatments (20, 40, 80, 120 and 160 mm sward surface height) with twenty replicates (four per tray). All pots were cut twice weekly to the specified surface height from 11 June, and recording began on 14 June. Every 4 weeks from 9 July to 5 November the twenty pots contained in one tray were withdrawn for destructive measurements of tiller population density and the weights of tiller components. Tiller population density increased with reduction in defoliation height, except for the 20-mm treatment where tiller density was initially restricted. The slope of the size/density compensation (SDC) line was close to -5/2 over the range of defoliation heights 40-120 mm, but was less than -1┬Ě0 between 120 and 160 mm. These slopes are consistent with a recent theory, which proposes that variations from a slope of -3/2 will be linked to defoliation-induced changes in canopy leaf area and to change in tiller leaf area:volume ratio, R. At defoliation heights below 120 mm, SDC slope was increased by reduction in canopy leaf area. Above 120 mm, increase in R forced a relatively rapid tiller population decline, resulting in a reduced SDC slope and decrease in canopy leaf area. Whereas traditional measures of leafiness such as leaf:stem ratio or leaf: non-leaf ratio decreased with increasing height of defoliation, the leaf area:volume ratio, R, increased with defoliation height. Distance from an arbitrarily positioned -3/2 SDC line was correlated with sward productivity."
Language:English
References:27
Note:Tables
Graphs
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Garay, A. H., C. Matthew, and J. Hodgson. 1999. Tiller size/density compensation in perennial ryegrass miniature swards subject to differing defoliation heights and a proposed productivity index. Grass Forage Sci. 54(4):p. 347-356.
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DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2494.1999.00187.x
Web URL(s):
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-2494.1999.00187.x/pdf
    Last checked: 02/21/2014
    Requires: PDF Reader
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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MSU catalog number: SB 197 .B7
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