Full TGIF Record # 164100
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Web URL(s):https://web.archive.org/web/20160212003910/http://www.turfgrasssociety.eu/home/articles/code/255?headline=Merits%20of%20creating%20a%20camber%20on%20winter-used%20sports%20pitches%20in%20the%20United%20Kingdom
    Last checked: 08/01/2016
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
Publication Type:
i
Refereed
Author(s):Jaaback, G.
Title:Merits of creating a camber on winter-used sports pitches in the United Kingdom
Meeting Info.:11-14 April 2010: Angers, Loire Valley, France
Source:2nd European Turfgrass Society Conference Proceedings. Vol. 2, May 21 2010, p. Unknown.
# of Pages:0
Publishing Information:Angers, France: European Turfgrass Society
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Drainage improvement; Grading; Recommendations; Slope surface; Sports turf construction; Sports turf maintenance; Winter play
Abstract/Contents:"Surface drainage is vital in the construction of local authority and club sports pitches on clay loam topsoils in the United Kingdom (Jaaback, 2008). On relatively level pitches the development of ponds and water logged areas generally occur wherever slight depressions become apparent and it is common to find that the layout of these pitches in urban areas, because of the immediate surrounding levels, makes it impractical and unsightly to cut in a significant cross-fall gradient. This is not difficult however, where pitches are constructed by cut to fill in sloping landscapes as only the side slopes are affected. A cross-fall gradient of between 1:50 and 1:70 has been found to be the minimum requirement (Adams and Gibbs, 1994; McIntyre, 2004). In a single gradient design this would involve a fall of at least one metre over the width of the pitch. Furthermore, besides the cost of earthworks and drainage installation, the maintenance of sports pitches today becomes a real issue among local authorities and clubs where the annual budget expenditure is limiting."
Language:English
References:Unknown
Geographic Terms:United Kingdom
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Jaaback, G. 2010. Merits of creating a camber on winter-used sports pitches in the United Kingdom. Eur. Turfgrass Soc. Conf. Proc. 2:p. Unknown.
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https://web.archive.org/web/20160212003910/http://www.turfgrasssociety.eu/home/articles/code/255?headline=Merits%20of%20creating%20a%20camber%20on%20winter-used%20sports%20pitches%20in%20the%20United%20Kingdom
    Last checked: 08/01/2016
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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