Full TGIF Record # 164159
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DOI:10.1196/annals.1439.014
Web URL(s):http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1196/annals.1439.014/full
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Publication Type:
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Report
Author(s):Bernhardt, Emily S.; Band, Lawrence E.; Walsh, Christopher J.; Berke, Philip E.
Author Affiliation:Bernhardt: Department of Biology, Duke University, Durham; Band: Department of Georaphy; Berke: Department of City and Regional Planning and Insititute for the Environment, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA; Walsh: School of Social Science and Environmental Enquiry, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Title:Understanding, managing, and minimizing urban impacts on surface water nitrogen loading
Source:Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. Vol. 1134, No. 1, 2008, p. 61-96.
# of Pages:36
Publishing Information:New York, NY: New York Academy of Sciences
Related Web URL:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1196/annals.1439.014/abstract
    Last checked: 01/31/2014
    Notes: Abstract only
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Groundwater contamination; Nitrogen; Nutrient concentration; Nutrient loads; Surface runoff; Surface water; Urban habitat; Urban watersheds; Water pollution
Abstract/Contents:"The concentration of materials and energy within cities is an inevitable consequence of dense populations and their per capita requirements for food, fiber, and fuel. As the world population becomes increasingly urban over the coming decades, urban areas will dramatically affect the distribution of nutrients across the face of the planet. In many cities, technological developments and urban planning have been effective at reducing the amount ofwaste nitrogen that is ultimately exported to downstream surfacewaters, largely through investments in sanitary sewer infrastructure andwastewater treatment. There are, however, still large cities throughout the developed world that have failed to take advantage of these obvious innovations to reduce their impact on downstream ecosystems. In addition, very few cities have adequately addressed the problems of diffuse nitrogen pollution, instead city infrastructure is often designed to route this N directly into downstream ecosystems. In the developing world, many of these problems are more acute, as rapidly growing urban populations exceed the capacity of limited municipal infrastructure. Reducing urban N pollution of groundwaters and surface waters both locally and globally can only be achieved through cultural and political adaptation in addition to technological innovations. In this review, we will focus on the implications of an increasingly urban world population on local, regional, and global nitrogen cycles and propose a variety of approaches for minimizing and mitigating the impacts of urban N concentration."
Language:English
References:195
Note:Includes sidebar, "Sidebar: Local government powers for urban land use planning and application to watershed protection", p. 85,
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ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Bernhardt, E. S., L. E. Band, C. J. Walsh, and P. E. Berke. 2008. Understanding, managing, and minimizing urban impacts on surface water nitrogen loading. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1134(1):p. 61-96.
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DOI: 10.1196/annals.1439.014
Web URL(s):
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1196/annals.1439.014/full
    Last checked: 01/31/2014
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1196/annals.1439.014/pdf
    Last checked: 01/31/2014
    Requires: PDF Reader
    Access conditions: Item is limited-access website
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