Full TGIF Record # 167325
Item 1 of 1
DOI:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2010.05.006
Web URL(s):http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204610001234
    Last checked: 01/31/2014
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
Publication Type:
i
Report
Author(s):Bowler, Diana E.; Buyung-Ali, Lisette; Knight, Teri M.; Pullin, Andrew S.
Author Affiliation:Centre for Evidence-Based Conservation, School of Environment, Natural Resources and Geography, Bangor University, UK
Title:Urban greening to cool towns and cities: A systematic review of the empirical evidence
Source:Landscape and Urban Planning. Vol. 97, No. 3, September 15 2010, p. 147-155.
# of Pages:9
Publishing Information:Amsterdam: Elsevier
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Climatic change; Health benefits; Temperatures; Turf values; Urban habitat; Urban heat island
Abstract/Contents:"Urban greening has been proposed as one approach to mitigate the human health consequences of increased temperatures resulting from climate change. We used systematic review methodology to evaluate available evidence on whether greening interventions, such as tree planting or the creation of parks or green roofs, affect the air temperature of an urban area. Most studies investigated the air temperature within parks and beneath trees and are broadly supportive that green sites can be cooler than non-green sites. Meta-analysis was used to synthesize data on the cooling effect of parks and results show that, on average, a park was 0.94°C cooler in the day. Studies on multiple parks suggest that larger parks and those with trees could be cooler during the day. However, evidence for the cooling effect of green space is mostly based on observational studies of small numbers of green sites. The impact of specific greening interventions on the wider urban area, and whether the effects are due to greening alone, has yet to be demonstrated. The current evidence base does not allow specific recommendations to be made on how best to incorporate greening into an urban area. Further empirical research is necessary in order to efficiently guide the design and planning of urban green space, and specifically to investigate the importance of the abundance, distribution and type of greening. Any urban greening programme implemented would need to be appropriately designed and monitored to continue to evaluate benefit to human health through reducing temperature."
Language:English
References:75
Note:Tables
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ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Bowler, D. E., L. Buyung-Ali, T. M. Knight, and A. S. Pullin. 2010. Urban greening to cool towns and cities: A systematic review of the empirical evidence. Landscape Urban Plan. 97(3):p. 147-155.
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DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2010.05.006
Web URL(s):
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204610001234
    Last checked: 01/31/2014
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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