Full TGIF Record # 171631
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Web URL(s):http://gsr.lib.msu.edu/article/zontek-understand-11-5-10.pdf
    Last checked: 11/03/2010
    Requires: PDF Reader
http://www.usga.org/articles/2010/11/understanding-and-appreciating-firmness-2147491053.html
    Last checked: 05/18/2015
    Notes: Reprint on the United States Golf Association website
https://issuu.com/nzsti/docs/nztmj_summer_2017_flipbook/16
    Last checked: 12/12/2017
    Requires: JavaScript
    Notes: Item is within a single large file; New Zealand Turf Management Journal reprint; Variant pictures
Publication Type:
i
Professional
Author(s):Zontek, Stanley J.
Author Affiliation:Director, Mid-Atlantic Region, USGA
Title:Understanding and appreciating firmness: Our mentors taught us that firm is good. Now we have to spread the word
Source:USGA Green Section Record. Vol. 48, No. 22, November 5 2010, p. 1-5.
# of Pages:5
Publishing Information:Far Hills, NJ: United States Golf Association, Green Section
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Firmness; Golfer perceptions; Irrigation efficiency; Irrigation practices; Maintenance guidelines; Measurement; Playability; Thatch control
Abstract/Contents:Discusses the potential importance for golf course superintendents to maintain firm greens, stating that "the best greens are those that are both firm yet resilient." Details maintenance practices that promote firm turf, explaining that "the first steps toward a firmer golf course could be [first] understanding the golf course and its needs and [second] educating those involved that this is what it will take to achieve the firmness desired." Introduces the USGA (United States Golf Association) Initiative to promote playability over appearance, and mentions the development of technology to measure firmness. Suggests that "the desire to achieve a firm and playable golf course should not be taken to extremes or be used as an excuse for the gross mismanagement of a golf course."
Language:English
References:0
See Also:See also related article "Firm and fast courses promote better golf" Rio Grande Chapter GCSAA [Newsletter], July 2011, p. 12, R=220218. R=220218
Note:Reprint appears in New Zealand Turf Management Journal, 34(4) Summer 2017, p. 14-18 with variant pictures
Reprint appears on the United States Golf Association website, November 17, 2010, p. [1-2]
Pictures, color
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Zontek, S. J. 2010. Understanding and appreciating firmness: Our mentors taught us that firm is good. Now we have to spread the word. USGA Green Sec. Rec. 48(22):p. 1-5.
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Web URL(s):
http://gsr.lib.msu.edu/article/zontek-understand-11-5-10.pdf
    Last checked: 11/03/2010
    Requires: PDF Reader
http://www.usga.org/articles/2010/11/understanding-and-appreciating-firmness-2147491053.html
    Last checked: 05/18/2015
    Notes: Reprint on the United States Golf Association website
https://issuu.com/nzsti/docs/nztmj_summer_2017_flipbook/16
    Last checked: 12/12/2017
    Requires: JavaScript
    Notes: Item is within a single large file; New Zealand Turf Management Journal reprint; Variant pictures
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MSU catalog number: b2200469a
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