Full TGIF Record # 174813
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Web URL(s):https://archive.lib.msu.edu/tic/gcman/article/2011jan126.pdf
    Last checked: 02/15/2011
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Publication Type:
Author(s):Knight, Jim
Author Affiliation:Professor and Extension Wildlife Specialist, Montana State University
Title:Voles, voles and more voles: Voles can be a serious pest on golf courses, and control efforts require constant vigilance
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Source:Golf Course Management. Vol. 79, No. 1, January 2011, p. 126-129.
# of Pages:4
Publishing Information:Lawrence, KS: Golf Course Superintendents Association of America
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Animal pest control; Animal traps; Baits; Cultural control; Feeding preferences; Fumigants; Identification; Infestations; Pest profile; Voles; Zinc phosphide
Abstract/Contents:Profiles voles and presents research on controlling voles and vole infestations on turf. Discusses the biology, habitat, and potentially harmful activity of voles, explaining that "in just six months, a female vole has the biological potential to have more than 40,000 grandchildren." Indicates that the appearance of large runways and tunnel systems may be the best visual key of vole activity in golf courses. Highlights exclusion, cultural methods, frightening devices, repellents, baits, fumigants, and trapping as primary control strategies. Suggests that vole control is a continuous effort, and states that "planning is very important for vole control because much of the work to control populations and winter damage must be put in place in the fall."
Note:Pictures, color
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Knight, J. 2011. Voles, voles and more voles: Voles can be a serious pest on golf courses, and control efforts require constant vigilance. Golf Course Manage. 79(1):p. 126-129.
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    Last checked: 02/15/2011
    Requires: PDF Reader
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MSU catalog number: b2193862a
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