Full TGIF Record # 177045
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Web URL(s):http://usgatero.msu.edu/v10/n06.pdf
    Last checked: 12/13/2012
    Requires: PDF Reader
http://gsr.lib.msu.edu/article/jackson-survival-6-17-11.pdf
    Last checked: 12/13/2012
    Requires: PDF Reader
    Notes: USGA Green Section Record reprint
Publication Type:
i
Report
Author(s):Jackson, Allyson K.; Cristol, Daniel A.
Author Affiliation:Jackson: Biodiversity Research Institute, Gorham, ME; Cristol: Professor of Biology, Institute for Integrative Bird Behavior Studies, Department of Biology, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA
Title:Tracking survival of bluebirds on golf courses
Source:USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online. Vol. 10, No. 6, March 15 2011, p. [1-7].
# of Pages:9
Publishing Information:Far Hills, NJ: United States Golf Association, Green Section
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Predation; Aves; Ecological distribution; Golf courses in the environment; Habitats; Survival; Wildlife conservation; Wildlife tracking
Abstract/Contents:"Although all fledglings (baby birds that have left the nest) generally suffer high mortality as they learn to fly and forage on their own, the habitat that the birds fledge into may impact mortality. Researchers at the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, used radio-telemetry to track eastern bluebird fledglings on golf course and reference (non-golf) sites in southeastern Virginia. They wanted to determine what causes mortality in fledglings and compare survival on golf and reference sites. The study's findings include: Bluebird fledglings suffer mortality due to hawk predation, starvation or disease, snake predation, and collisions with windows. Bluebird fledglings have similar survival rates on golf courses and reference sites, with approximately 65% surviving to 40-days postfledging. Bluebird survival was affected more by time of season than whether a bird was on a golf course or a reference site, with birds that fledged later in the season surviving better. Bluebirds use artificial nest cavities placed near open grass, but the fledglings suffer higher mortality when there is little forest cover around their nest box. Golf course managers can help bluebird fledglings survive by moving nest boxes into out-of-play areas near dense forest edges."
Language:English
References:12
Note:Summary as abstract
Partial reprint appears in Golf Course Industry, 23(7) July 2011, p. 78-79
Partial reprint appears in USGA Green Section Record, 49(24) June 17, 2011, p. 1-3
Pictures, color
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ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Jackson, A. K., and D. A. Cristol. 2011. Tracking survival of bluebirds on golf courses. USGA Turfgrass Environ. Res. Online. 10(6):p. [1-7].
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Web URL(s):
http://usgatero.msu.edu/v10/n06.pdf
    Last checked: 12/13/2012
    Requires: PDF Reader
http://gsr.lib.msu.edu/article/jackson-survival-6-17-11.pdf
    Last checked: 12/13/2012
    Requires: PDF Reader
    Notes: USGA Green Section Record reprint
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MSU catalog number: b3952822a
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