Full TGIF Record # 178080
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Author(s):Brosnan, James T.; Kopsell, Dean A.; Elmore, Matthew T.; Breeden, Gregory K.; Armel, Gregory R.
Author Affiliation:Department of Plant Sciences, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN
Title:Changes in 'Riviera' bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] carotenoid pigments after treatment with three p-Hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase-inhibiting herbicides
Section:Turf Management
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Source:HortScience. Vol. 46, No. 3, March 2011, p. 493-498.
# of Pages:7
Publishing Information:Alexandria, VA: American Society for Horticultural Science
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Bleaching; Carotenoids; Chlorophyll content; Cynodon dactylon; Enzyme inhibitors; Herbicide evaluation; Mesotrione; Tembotrione; Topramezone
Cultivar Names:Riviera
Abstract/Contents:"Mesotrione, topramezone, and tembotrione are inhibitors of the enzyme p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate which impacts the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway. An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of mesotrione, topramezone, and tembotrione on carotenoid pigment concentrations in common bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.; cv. Riviera] leaf tissues. Bermudagrass plants were treated with three rates of mesotrione (0.28, 0.35, and 0.42 kg/ha-1), topramezone (0.018, 0.025, and 0.038 kg/ha-1), and tembotrione (0.092, 0.184, and 0.276 kg/ha-1). The lowest rate of each herbicide represented the maximum labeled use rate for a single application. Percent visual bleaching was measured at 3, 7, 14, 21, 28, and 35 days after application (DAA). Leaf tissues were sampled on the same dates and assayed for carotenoids. Topramezone and tembotrione bleached bermudagrass leaf tissues to a greater degree than mesotrione. Concomitantly, topramezone and tembotrione also reduced total chlorophyll (chlorophylla + b), ?-carotene, lutein, and total xanthophyll cycle pigment concentrations (zeaxanthin + antheraxanthin + violaxanthin) more than mesotrione. Increases in visual bleaching resulting from application rate were accompanied by linear reductions in lutein, ?-carotene, and violaxanthin for all herbicides. Topramezone and tembotrione increased the percentage of zeaxanthin + antheraxanthin in the total xanthophyll pigment pool (ZA/ZAV) 7 days after peak visual bleaching was observed at 14 DAA. Reductions in ZA/ZAV were reported after 21 DAA. This response indicates that sequential applications of topramezone and tembotrione should be applied on 14- to 21-day intervals, because stress induced by these herbicides is greatest at these timings. Increases in photoprotective xanthophyll cycle pigments (ZA/ZAV) at 14 to 21 DAA may be a mechanism allowing bermudagrass to recover from HPPD-inhibiting herbicide injury, because bermudagrass recovered from all treatments by 35 DAA. Data in the current study will allow turf managers to design physiologically validated bermudagrass control programs with HPPD-inhibiting herbicides. Chemical names: mesotrione [2-(4-methysulfonyl-2-nitrobenzoyl)-1,3-cyclohexanedione], tembotrione {2-[2-chloro-4-(methylsulfonyl)-3-[(2,2,2-(trifluoroethoxy)m ethyl]benzoyl]-1,3-cyclohexanedione},topramezone {[3-(4,5-dihydro-3-isoxazolyl)-2-methyl-4-(methylsulfonyl)ph enyl](5-hydroxy-1-nethyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)methanone}."
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Brosnan, J. T., D. A. Kopsell, M. T. Elmore, G. K. Breeden, and G. R. Armel. 2011. Changes in 'Riviera' bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] carotenoid pigments after treatment with three p-Hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase-inhibiting herbicides. HortScience. 46(3):p. 493-498.
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DOI: 10.21273/HORTSCI.46.3.493
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MSU catalog number: b2217685a
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