Full TGIF Record # 185383
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Author(s):Wang, Sheng; Zhang, Qi; Watkins, Eric
Author Affiliation:Wang and Zhang; Department of Plant Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND; Watkins: Department of Horticultural Science, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN
Title:Evaluation of salinity tolerance of prairie junegrass, a potential low-maintenance turfgrass species
Section:Turf Management
Other records with the "Turf Management" Section
Source:HortScience. Vol. 46, No. 7, July 2011, p. 1038-1043.
# of Pages:6
Publishing Information:Alexandria, VA: American Society for Horticultural Science
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Cultivar evaluation; Dry weight; Electrolyte leakage; Festuca arundinacea; Festuca brevipila; Festuca ovina subsp. duriuscula; Festuca ovina subsp. ovina; Germinability; Koeleria macrantha; Lolium perenne; Low maintenance turfgrass species; Poa pratensis; Salt stress; Salt tolerance
Abstract/Contents:"Prairie junegrass (Koeleria macrantha) is a perennial, cool-season, native grass that has shown potential for use as a turfgrass species in the northern Great Plains; however, limited information is available on its salt tolerance. In this study, salinity tolerance of four junegrass populations from North America (Colorado, Minnesota, Nebraska, and North Dakota) and two improved turf-type cultivars from Europe ('Barleria' and 'Barkoel') was evaluated and compared with kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis), perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne), sheep fescue (Festuca ovina), hard fescue (F. brevipila), and tall fescue (F. arundinacea). Salinity tolerance was determined based on the predicted salinity level causing 50% reduction of final germination rate (PSLF) and daily germination rate (PSLD) as well as electrolyte leakage (EL), tissue dry weight (DW), and visual quality (VQ) of mature plants. All populations of prairie junegrass showed similar salt tolerance with an average of PSLF and PSLD being 7.1 and 5.3 g·L-1 NaCl, respectively, comparable to kentucky bluegrass and hard and sheep fescue but lower than tall fescue and perennial ryegrass. Larger variations were observed in VQ in the junegrasses compared with EL and DW, in which 'Barleria' from the European population showed the highest VQ, following two salt-tolerant grasses, tall fescue and sheep fescue. Nebraska population was the least salt-tolerant within the species but still exhibited similar or higher tolerance than kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass cv. Arctic Green. Overall, junegrass was more salt-sensitive during germination but more tolerant to salinity when mature. Salinity tolerance of junegrass may be further improved through turfgrass breeding because salinity tolerance varied in different populations."
See Also:Other items relating to: Salinity Management For Cool Season Grasses
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Wang, S., Q. Zhang, and E. Watkins. 2011. Evaluation of salinity tolerance of prairie junegrass, a potential low-maintenance turfgrass species. HortScience. 46(7):p. 1038-1043.
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DOI: 10.21273/HORTSCI.46.7.1038
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MSU catalog number: b2217685a
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