Full TGIF Record # 18771
Item 1 of 1
Publication Type:
i
Newsletter
Author(s):Anonymous
Title:Hancock Highlights: Mole Damage Control
Source:Newsnotes (Michigan Turfgrass Foundation). Fall 1990, p. 10-11.
Publishing Information:Saginaw, MI: Michigan Turfgrass Foundation
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Talpidae; Condylura cristata; Scalopus aquaticus; FIFRA; Chemical safety; Pest control; Animal traps
Abstract/Contents:"Correct identification is vital to mole damage control. The eastern mole has a naked red nose and a short tail; the star-nosed mole has a large red nose with 22 finger like projections and a long tail. The eastern mole usually makes many small tunnels that raise the soil into long winding 2 inch high ridges. The star-nosed mole usually makes deep tunnels not evident on the surface, but it pushes up soil from these tunnels into many conical mounds of raw earth. Moles frequently cause damage, but are also beneficial as they are insectivores that feed on insects, worms, and other invertebrates. Occasionally they eat plant seeds, roots and bulbs, but most damage is done while they are burrowing for insects when they uproot plants and grass roots. They are most active in spring and fall, on cloudy days and following rainy periods during the summer. When moles become a problem, the following methods can be used to control the damage. 1. Direct Killing- Although eastern moles may burrow at any time, they are usually most active at certain time, depending on the season. Note when most new activity occur. With practice you can quickly and quietly approach the tunneling mole and kill it by smashing it down with a shovel or similar instrument just behind where the earth is being lifted up. This method rarely works with star-nosed mole because it usually burrows too deeply. 2. Trapping-Eastern moles are easy to trap provided the trap is placed on a tunnel that is actively being used every day and that problems with function to the trap are noted and resolved. If a trap hasn't caught a mole in 3 days, it is in the wrong location, or it as caught all the moles usig that tunnel. Of the three types of traps, the choker type seems to be the easiest for most people to use successfully on the eastern mole. 3. Reduction of the moles food supply - Moles feed on earthworms, insect larvae and other invertebrates. 4. Poison Bating - Poison baits that contain 2% zinc phosphide can be used to control moles. Place teaspoon quantities every 10 to 15 feet along mole traveling tunnels. CAUTION: Zinc Phosphide is TOXIC to birds and mammals and must be used with caution. Restricted Use Materials: Fumigant - THESE PRODUCTS PRODUCE TOXIC GASES IN THE MOLE TUNNELS; USE WITH CAUTION. 5. Calcium Cyanide - locate active tunnels and use a duster to blow calcium cyanide into the tunnel both directions every 5 to 10 yards. 6. Aluminum Phosphide (phostoxin) locate active tunnels and place a tablet into all the tunnels every 5 to 15 yards during to afternoon and evening."
Language:English
References:0
See Also:Other items relating to: MOLES

Other items relating to: Mole control
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Anonymous. 1990. Hancock Highlights: Mole Damage Control. Newsnotes (Michigan Turfgrass Foundation). p. 10-11.
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MSU catalog number: SB 433 .A1 N45
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