Full TGIF Record # 19278
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Author(s):Powell, A. J.; Tapp, Linda D.
Title:Bermudagrass establishment without irrigation
Source:Kentucky Turfgrass Research. 1990, p. 56-58.
# of Pages:3
Publishing Information:Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service
Series:Progress Report 328
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Cynodon; Athletic fields; Vegetative establishment; Nonirrigated; Spring; Row planting; Seedbeds; sprigs
Abstract/Contents:Two tests to determine: (1) if bermuda could be established earlier in the spring without irrigation, (2) if planting depth affects regrowth of the sprigs, (3) if no-till (rowplanting) would be as effective as conventional planting into a seedbed establishment method. Although irrigation was witheld from these tests, 23 rainfall days occurred during the planting period. The temperatures dropped below 32#F on 4 occasions and several heavy frosts occurred. Planting dates were approximately 2 weeks apart on 3/28, 4/12, 4/25 and 5/11. On each planting date, sprigs (approximately 3 to 4 inches long with two or more nodes) were collected from a 3 year old sod of Vamont and/or RS-1 bermudagrass and planted immediately. Three sprigs were planted per one foot row. On the first two planting dates the sprigs were dormant. Each treatment was planted in both a tilled soil and in a Kentucky bluegrass sod previously killed with glyphosate. Test 1: Rs-1 sprigs were planted (1) on the surface and held in place with wire pins, (2) with 1/3 of the sprig remaining above the surface, and (3) the entire sprig buried 1/2 to 2 inches below the surface. Six replications were planted with three replications covered with straw. No data is reported for the straw treatment since differences were not detected. Few of the surface applied sprigs survived and that data is also omitted. A table provides for each planting date ground cover on 5/24 and 6/2/89 for burial and 1/3 out treatments in soil and sod. Establishment was generally better when sprigs were planted with 1/3 of the sprig above ground in tilled soil but establishment was excellent using all planting variables. There was a significant improvement in cover when sprigs were planted on the first planting date, but these differences were less evident by late June. Because of extreme weed competition, additional summer data could not be collected. Test 2: Three replications of RS-1 and Vamont bermudagrass sprigs were planted 1/3 above ground. A table provides for each planting date ground cover for RS-1 and Vamont in soil and sod on 5/24 and 6/2/89. Establishment was excellent for both cultivars at all planting dates, but RS-1 was generally 50% faster to cover the surface than Vamont. There was no consistent difference in rate of spread when comparing sprigging into prepared soil vs. a killed sod.
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Powell, A. J., and L. D. Tapp. 1990. Bermudagrass establishment without irrigation. KY. Turfgrass Res. p. 56-58.
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