Full TGIF Record # 193056
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Web URL(s):https://archive.lib.msu.edu/tic/gcman/article/2011nov92.pdf
    Last checked: 12/16/2011
    Requires: PDF Reader
Publication Type:
i
Professional
Author(s):Carrow, R. N.; Duncan, R. R.
Author Affiliation:Carrow: Professor of Turfgrass, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, University of Georgia; Duncan: Soil Consultant, Boerne, Texas
Title:Bicarbonates and carbonates in irrigation water and soils: High levels of bicarbonates and carbonates can stress turfgrass, but superintendents can develop cost-effective management plans
Section:Research
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Source:Golf Course Management. Vol. 79, No. 11, November 2011, p. 92-99.
# of Pages:8
Publishing Information:Lawrence, KS: Golf Course Superintendents Association of America
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Alkaline soils; Bicarbonates; Calcareous soils; Carbonates; Cost efficiency; Nutritional requirements; Saline sodic soils; Sodic soils; Sodium carbonate; Soil pH; Soil salinity
Abstract/Contents:Provides an in-depth discussion of soil pH (potential hydrogen) in North America, detailing research focusing on bicarbonate and carbonate management. States that "any soil with a pH above 7.0 is considered an alkaline soil. These soils are most common in arid and semiarid regions and are dominated by base cations." Discusses calcareous and caliche soils, and suggests that "calcareous soils that are not affected by salt experience direct or indirect effects of alkalinity: nutritional disorders, soil mechanical impedance, or, rarely, bicarbonate root toxicity." Overviews soil nutritional requirements, as well as the potential implications of deficiencies. Addresses saline or saline-sodic calcareous soils, as well as sodic calcareous soils. Concludes that "careful site assessment in conjunction with water and soil chemistry analyses is required to determine whether there are any related turfgrass ecosystem problems and, if there are, to determine the nature and magnitude of the bicarbonate or carbonate problem to develop a successful and cost-effective management plan."
Language:English
References:9
Note:Includes sidebars, "Problems with calcareous soils", p. 95, and "The research says...", p. 99
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See Also:Other items relating to: Soil Salinity
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Carrow, R. N., and R. R. Duncan. 2011. Bicarbonates and carbonates in irrigation water and soils: High levels of bicarbonates and carbonates can stress turfgrass, but superintendents can develop cost-effective management plans. Golf Course Manage. 79(11):p. 92-99.
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https://archive.lib.msu.edu/tic/gcman/article/2011nov92.pdf
    Last checked: 12/16/2011
    Requires: PDF Reader
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MSU catalog number: b2193862a
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