Full TGIF Record # 1957
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Publication Type:
i
Report
Author(s):van Wijk, A. L. M.
Author Affiliation:Institute for Land and Water Management Research, Wageningen, the Netherlands
Title:Influence of soil physical properties of top layer and subsoil
Article Series:Soil water conditions and playability of grass sportsfield, part 1
Source:Zeitschrift f√ľr Vegetationstechnik im Landschafts- und Sportst√§ttenbau. Vol. 3, No. 1, 1980, p. 7-15.
# of Pages:9
Publishing Information:Hannover, W. Germany: Patzer Verlag GmbH and Co. KG, Alter Flughafen
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Playability; Soil strength; Soil water; Organic matter; Hydraulic conductivity; Physical properties of soil; Soil layering; Bulk density; Pressure; Sports turf
Dutch Turfgrass Research Foundation Keywords: 410-D; Drainage; Sandy soils; Soil mechanics; Soil physics; Soil water; Sports grounds; Playability; Article
Abstract/Contents:"The playing conditions of grass sportsfields strongly depend on the soil strength of the top layer. Apart from controlling soil water conditions, soil strength can be improved by increasing bulk density and the more so the higher the organic matter content. This will be at the expense of hydraulic conductivity. This paper describes the influence of differences in hydraulic conductivity and the soil water characteristic of 11 top layers and 3 subsoils, on the soil water conditions in the top layer. The investigation was carried out with an electronic analog simulating the non-steady vertical flow of water in soils as dependent on actual rainfall, physical properties of the soil and drainage conditions. From relationships between soil strength and pressure head established by field and laboratory measurements, pressure head limits for play could be derived for differently composed and variously compacted top layers. With the aid of these limits, the duration and frequency of unplayable situations could be derived from the simulated course of soil water conditions in the top layer. The results show the great significance of the subsoil with regard to soil water conditions in the top layer. The better the physical properties of the subsoil the less disadvantageous is a low conductivity of the top layer resulting from compaction and high organic matter contents. On subsoils with lower conductivities the rather poor sandy top layers function the best. To obtain sufficient soil strength, the pressure head in top layers with a low density must be considerably lower than in the case of more compacted top layers. However, the drier such a top layer has to be, the more frequent and the more prolonged will be the occasions when this lower pressure head is exceeded in wet periods."
Language:English
References:11
See Also:See also part 2 "Influence of tile drainage and sandy drainage layer" Zeitschrift f√ľr Vegetationstechnik im Landschafts- und Sportst√§ttenbau, 3(1) 1980, p. 16-22, R=1958. R=1958
Note:Abstract also appears in German
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ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
van Wijk, A. L. M. 1980. Influence of soil physical properties of top layer and subsoil. Zeitschrift f√ľr Vegetationstechnik im Landschafts- und Sportst√§ttenbau. 3(1):p. 7-15.
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