Full TGIF Record # 195996
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Web URL(s):http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/1065657X.2010.10736940
    Last checked: 10/01/2015
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Author(s):Cunha-Queda, C.; Alvarenga, P.; Nobre, A.; de Varennes, A.
Author Affiliation:Cunha-Queda, Nobre, and de Varennes: Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Technical University of Lisbon, Lisboa; Alvarenga: Department of Environmental Sciences, Escola Superior Agr√°ria de Beja, Rua Pedro Soares, Beja, Portugal
Title:Effect of municipal solid waste compost on mine soils as evaluated by chemical, biological and biochemical properties of soil
Source:Compost Science & Utilization. Vol. 18, No. 2, Spring 2010, p. 89-96.
# of Pages:8
Publishing Information:Emmaus, PA: JG Press
Related Web URL:http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1065657X.2010.10736940
    Last checked: 10/26/2016
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
    Notes: Abstract
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Acidic soils; Cellulase; Composts; Copper; Glucosidases; Growth regulator evaluation; Land reclamation; Leachates; Lead; Liming; Lolium perenne; Municipal solid waste; Nutrient cycles; Nutrient recovery; Remediation; Sewage sludge; Soil pH; Soil quality; Toxicity; Urease; Waste management; Zinc
Abstract/Contents:"Composts are increasingly used in land rehabilitation because they can improve soil quality and reduce the need for inorganic fertilizers. Their use contributes to an integrated approach to waste management by promoting recycling of nutrients and minimizing final disposal of organic residues that, due to their composition, can pose problems to agricultural soils. We investigated whether compost from mixed municipal solid waste (MSW) could be used to remediate two soils from a mine contaminated with trace elements. One of the soils was less acidic and had a greater content of Cu and Zn while the other had more Pb and a lower pH. The effect of MSW was evaluated by plant growth, trace element leachability, ecotoxicity of soil leachates, and biological and biochemical properties of soils. Growth of perennial rye-grass (Lolium perenne L. cv. Victorian) was stimulated in the MSW compost-amended soils compared with respective controls or with acidic soil when limed. After rye-grass had been growing for 119 days, the amount of water-extractable Zn was lower in MSW compost-amended soils, while the opposite was true for water-extractable Cu. Water-extractable Pb increased following MSW compost application to one soil and decreased in the other. The greatest dehydrogenase activity was obtained in amended limed soil, while the number of culturable bacteria and fungi and the activities of cellulase and ő≤-glucosidase were similar in soil that was limed or following MSW compost application. In contrast, urease activity was repressed in limed or MSW compost-amended soils. Leachates from unamended soils were toxic towards Daphnia magna. Liming the very acidic soil led to a decrease in the toxicity of the leachate, but it was only in MSW compost-amended soils that ecotoxicity was no longer detected."
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Cunha-Queda, C., P. Alvarenga, A. Nobre, and A. de Varennes. 2010. Effect of municipal solid waste compost on mine soils as evaluated by chemical, biological and biochemical properties of soil. Compost Sci. Util. 18(2):p. 89-96.
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    Last checked: 10/01/2015
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