Full TGIF Record # 196666
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DOI:10.1177/1754338X10392311
Web URL(s):http://pip.sagepub.com/content/225/3/171.full.pdf+html
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http://pip.sagepub.com/content/225/3/171.full.pdf
    Last checked: 01/27/2012
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Publication Type:
i
Report
Author(s):Lulli, F.; Volterrani, M.; Magni, S.; Armeni, R.
Author Affiliation:Lulli: Department of Agronomy and Management of the Agro-ecosystem; Lulli, Volterrani and Magni: Centre for Research on Turfgrass for Environment and Sports, University of Pisa, Pisa; Armeni: Labosport Italia S.r.l., Italy
Title:An innovative hybrid natural-artificial sports pitch construction system
Source:Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers:Part P, Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology. Vol. 225, No. 3, September 2011, p. 171-175.
# of Pages:5
Publishing Information:London, England: Professional Engineering Publishing Limited
Related Web URL:http://pip.sagepub.com/content/225/3/171.abstract
    Last checked: 01/27/2012
    Notes: Abstract only
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Athletic injuries; FIFA; Natural and artificial turf hybrids; Natural versus artificial turf; Playability; Surface temperature; Wear resistance
Abstract/Contents:"Third-generation artificial-turf pitches are often criticized because of their high abrasiveness when athletes fall on the surface, the high temperatures recorded in summer periods, and their unpleasant rubber odour. On the other hand, natural-turf pitches are not able to withstand the high play volumes currently associated with modern high-profile and community sports pitches. Hybrid systems with a varying presence of artificial fibres and reinforcements have long been tested and installed, without providing a definitive answer to the above-mentioned problems of natural turf. The aim of this study was to evaluate the playing characteristics and the wear resistance of a newly patented hybrid natural-artificial sports pitch construction system after rugby and football play for 2 months and 5 months. This hybrid system consists of a modified third-generation artificial grass with organic infill, on which natural grass was allowed to grow. A 11300 m2 experimental pitch was constructed in Pisa (Italy) in the summer of 2007 and tested during 20072008 following football and rugby union play for an average of 8-9 h/week. The hybrid pitch showed a total absence of rubber odour, summer temperatures similar to those of natural-turf pitches, wear resistance superior to that of natural-turf pitches, abrasiveness similar to that of natural-turf pitches, and good infill particle size stability. Most playing-quality parameters fell within both the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) Recommended 2-Star Standard requirements for artificial turf and generally accepted playing-quality parameters for natural turf. Since then more pitches as described herein have been constructed and witnessed international match play, while FIFA has classified the system as a reinforced natural-grass pitch."
Language:English
References:20
Note:Figures
Tables
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Lulli, F., M. Volterrani, S. Magni, and R. Armeni. 2011. An innovative hybrid natural-artificial sports pitch construction system. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers:Part P, Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology. 225(3):p. 171-175.
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DOI: 10.1177/1754338X10392311
Web URL(s):
http://pip.sagepub.com/content/225/3/171.full.pdf+html
    Last checked: 01/27/2012
    Requires: PDF Reader
http://pip.sagepub.com/content/225/3/171.full.pdf
    Last checked: 01/27/2012
    Requires: PDF Reader
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