Full TGIF Record # 198883
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Web URL(s):https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11104-004-2201-4
    Last checked: 10/05/2017
Publication Type:
Author(s):Wurst, Susanne; Langel, Reinhard; Scheu, Stefan
Author Affiliation:Wurst and Scheu: Technische Universit√§t Darmstadt, Institut f√ľr Zoologie, Darmstadt, Germany; Langel: Georg-August Unversit√§t G√∂ttingen, Kompetenzzentrum Stabile Isotope, Forschungszentrum Wald√∂kosysteme, G√∂ttingen, Germany
Title:Do endogeic worms change plant competition? A microcosm study
Source:Plant and Soil. Vol. 271, No. 1-2, April 2005, p. 123-130.
# of Pages:8
Publishing Information:Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Related Web URL:http://www.springerlink.com/content/x30845685g8215p8/
    Last checked: 03/02/2012
    Notes: Abstract only
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Competition; Earthworms; Foliar uptake; Lolium perenne; Meloidogyne incognita; Nitrogen uptake; Nutrient availability; Plantago lanceolata; Trifolium repens
Abstract/Contents:"Plants compete for limited resources. Although nutrient availability for plants is affected by resource distribution and soil organisms, surprisingly few studies investigate their combined effects on plant growth and competition. Effects of endogeic earthworms (Aporrectodea jassyensis), root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita) and the spatial distribution of 15N labelled grass litter on the competition between a grass (Lolium perenne), a forb (Plantago lanceolata) and a legume (Trifolium repens) were investigated in the greenhouse. Earthworms promoted N uptake and growth of L. perenne. Contrastingly, shoot biomass and N uptake of T. repens decreased in the presence of earthworms. P. lanceolata was not affected by the earthworms. We suggest that earthworms enhanced the competitive ability of L. perenne against T. repens. Nematodes increased the proportion of litter N in each of the plant species. Litter distribution (homogeneous vs. patch) did not affect the biomass of any plant species. However, P. lanceolata took up more 15N, when the litter was homogeneously mixed into the soil. The results suggest that endogeic earthworms may affect plant competition by promoting individual plant species. More studies including decomposers are necessary to understand their role in determining plant community structure."
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Wurst, S., R. Langel, and S. Scheu. 2005. Do endogeic worms change plant competition? A microcosm study. Plant Soil. 271(1-2):p. 123-130.
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DOI: 10.1007/s11104-004-2201-4
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    Last checked: 10/05/2017
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