Full TGIF Record # 199720
Item 1 of 1
DOI:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.11.017
Web URL(s):http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204611003392
    Last checked: 03/19/2012
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
Publication Type:
i
Report
Author(s):Politi Bertoncini, Alzira; Machon, Nathalie; Pavoine, Sandrine; Muratet, Audrey
Author Affiliation:Conservation des Espèces, Restauration et Suivi des Populations, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France
Title:Local gardening practices shape urban lawn floristic communities
Source:Landscape and Urban Planning. Vol. 105, No. 1-2, March 2012, p. 53-61.
# of Pages:9
Publishing Information:Amsterdam: Elsevier
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Biodiversity; Cultural methods; Fertilization rates; Greenspace; Land use; Landscape management; Lawn as an ecosystem; Lawn as habitat; Light intensity; Mowing frequency; Ornamental gardens; Pesticide application; Plant community analysis; Traffic; Urban habitat; Urban landscaping
Abstract/Contents:"The large number of green space lawns in cities means that they shelter a high proportion of wild urban species, but the roles of landscape and management on the level of biodiversity in these spaces are little understood. We performed floristic inventories in 100 lawns in the southeast corner of Paris, France and linked their floristic diversity and composition to: (1) the characteristics of urbanization given by the Land Use Pattern and the distance from the centre of Paris, (2) local factors including luminosity and size of the lawn and (3) the type of management, including pesticide and fertilizer use, animal and public access, and mowing frequency. A total of 79 species were identified, of which 9% were naturalized. Distribution of the species was largely conditioned by the management methods applied to the green spaces: specific management strategies were associated with specific community traits and composition. As expected, the highest species richness and/or rarity were found in lawns submitted to private management, low use of pesticides and limited public access. But surprisingly high diversity was also sometimes found in small public lawns. The results establish relationships between human practices and characteristics of plant communities. We use them to make several recommendations on how best to optimize management of lawns with a view to conserving urban biodiversity."
Language:English
References:86
Note:Maps
Figures
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Geographic Terms:Paris, France
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Politi Bertoncini, A., N. Machon, S. Pavoine, and A. Muratet. 2012. Local gardening practices shape urban lawn floristic communities. Landscape Urban Plan. 105(1-2):p. 53-61.
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DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.11.017
Web URL(s):
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204611003392
    Last checked: 03/19/2012
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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