Full TGIF Record # 202674
Item 1 of 1
DOI:10.21273/HORTSCI.47.4.527
Publication Type:
i
Refereed
Author(s):Zhang, Qi; Rue, Kevin; Wang, Sheng
Author Affiliation:Zhang: Assistant Professor; Rue: Research Specialist; Wang: Graduate Student, Department of Plant Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND
Title:Salinity effect on seed germination and growth of two warm-season native grass species
Section:Turf management
Other records with the "Turf management" Section
Source:HortScience. Vol. 47, No. 4, April 2012, p. 527-530.
# of Pages:4
Publishing Information:Alexandria, Virginia: American Society for Horticultural Science
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Bouteloua gracilis; Bouteloua dactyloides; Cultivar evaluation; Dry weight; Germplasm; Growth analysis; Root length; Saline water; Salt tolerance; Seed germination
Cultivar Names:Texoka; Cody; Bison; Sharp's Improved II; Bowie; Lovington; Hachita; Bad River
Abstract/Contents:"Salinity tolerance of five buffalograss [Buchloe dactyloides (Nutt.) Englem.] cultivars (Texoka, Cody, Bison, Sharp's Improved II, and Bowie) and three blue grama [Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths] ecotypes ('Lovington', 'Hachita', and 'Bad River') was determined during in vitro seed germination and vegetative growth in a hydroponic system. Seeds were germinated on 0.6% agar medium supplemented with NaCl at 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 g·L-1. Salinity reduced the final germination rate (FGR) and daily germination rate (DGR). Similarly, shoot dry weight (SDW), longest root length (LRL), and percentage of green tissue (PGT) of mature grasses declined with increasing salinity levels (NaCl = 0, 2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10 g·L-1). However, root dry weight (RDW) was not significantly affected by salinity. Blue grama exhibited a lower reduction in FGR and DGR than buffalograss at salinity levels lower than 10 g·L-1. Germination of all buffalograss cultivars and 'Hachita' blue grama was inhibited at salinity levels of 15 and 20 g·L-1 NaCl. However, buffalograss was more salt-tolerant than blue grama at the vegetative growth stage. Variations of salinity tolerance were observed within buffalograss cultivars and blue grama ecotypes, especially during the seed germination stage. Overall, buffalograss appeared to be salt-sensitive during germination but moderately salt-tolerant at the mature stage. However, blue grama was more salt-tolerant at the germination stage than the mature stage. Noticeable differences in salinity tolerance were observed between different germplasms. Therefore, salt tolerance of buffalograss and blue grama may be improved through turfgrass breeding efforts."
Language:English
References:23
Note:Tables
Graphs
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Zhang, Q., K. Rue, and S. Wang. 2012. Salinity effect on seed germination and growth of two warm-season native grass species. HortScience. 47(4):p. 527-530.
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DOI: 10.21273/HORTSCI.47.4.527
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