Full TGIF Record # 209331
Item 1 of 1
Material Type:Book
Monographic Author(s):Schneider, Daniel
Monograph Title:Hybrid Nature: Sewage Treatment and the Contradictions of the Industrial Ecosystem, 2011.
# of Pages:370
Publishing Information:Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press
Collation:xxx, 338, [2] pp.
Series:Urban and Industrial Environments
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Activated sewage sludge; Fertilizers; Business profile; Facility profile; Product profile
Facility Names:Jones Island Treatment Plant, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Trade Names:Milorganite; Milarsenite
Subjects' Names:Noer, O. J.
Business Name:Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District
Abstract/Contents:Includes: Introduction; Natural vs. Artificial: "The Right Way to Dispose of Town Sewage"; Public vs. Private: "Nature Must be Circumvented"; Craft vs. Science: "Be an Operator, Not a Valve Turner"; Profit vs. Purification: "Sewage is Something to be Got Rid Of"; The Contradictions Continue: Sewage Treatment Since the Clean Water Act; From Sewage to Biotech: "What We have Before Us is an Industrial Product"; and Conclusion: The Living Machineâ„ .
Library of Congress
Subject Headings:
Sewage -- Purification -- Biological treatment -- History; Industrial ecology -- Philosophy; Contradiction; Eaux usées -- Épuration -- Traitement biologique -- Histoire; Écologie industrielle -- Philosophie
Note:Pre-publication title: A Contradictory Nature: Sewage Treatment and the Creation of the Industrial Ecosystem
Spine title: Hybrid Nature
Includes index; pp. 313-338
Pictures, b/w
Quotable quotes"Noer had had mixed experience as a salesman in the past. Before returning to graduate school he had worked for Stoughton Wagon, a trailer manufacturer, with apparently little distinction. As it turned out, though, Noer was an inspired choice for the role of sludge salesman. With the Sewerage Commission, he not only managed to double his salary through commissions but was the driving force in the success of Milorganite."
"The success of Milorganite as a carrier led the Sewerage Commission in 1940 to begin marketing its own specially formulated combination of fertilizer and herbicide. They combined Milorganite and sodium arsenite, a weed killer, premixed at the Milorganite production facility rather than by their customers.....By combining the two products in one formulation, the Sewerage Commission pioneered the production of what later would become known as "weed and feed" applications." [Milarsenite]
"Milwaukee's history of Milorganite production showed that sewage treatment plants could not be run at a profit. Even in its best years, when World War II had elevated the price of nitrogen by diverting chemical nitrogen into the production of explosives, sales of Milorganite barely covered the cost of its own production, not to mention the cost of other parts of the plant. Yet repeated economic analyses showed that once Milwaukee had sunk its initial capital investment in its fertilizer plant, continuing production of Milorganite was a cheaper means of disposing sludge than either landfill or incineration. But even this depended on continuous innovation in product development and marketing."
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Schneider, Daniel. 2011. Hybrid Nature: Sewage Treatment and the Contradictions of the Industrial Ecosystem. xxx, 338, [2] pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
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