Full TGIF Record # 219152
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Web URL(s):https://listings.lib.msu.edu/nttfd/1951.pdf#page=14
    Last checked: 01/16/2017
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Publication Type:
Content Type:Abstract or Summary only
Author(s):Payne, Kenyon
Author Affiliation:Department of Agronomy, Purdue University, Lafayette, Indiana
Title:[Dr. Daniel and his turf management work with Purdue]
Meeting Info.:October 7-9, 1951
Source:Proceedings of National Turf Field Days. 1951, p. 14-18.
# of Pages:5
Publishing Information:West Point, Pennsylvania: West Point Lawn Products
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Cultivar evaluation; Fungicide evaluation; Golf green maintenance; Research priorities; Weed control
Abstract/Contents:"We have our work at Purdue well coordinated but we are engaged in several different phases of research in several different fields. Dr. Daniel, who came to us from Michigan State last year, is handling the turf management work that was formerly conducted by Dr. Gerald Mott who has been away for a year at North Carolina State College at Raleigh. While Mott will be coming back the first of the year, he does not plan to go back into the turf work, at least actively, and Daniel will be our full-time turf man. He is doing both extension work and research -- about half of each. As part of Bill's turf management work he has set up a 15,000 square foot putting green on our Purdue campus. He has taken a mall which is a grassed area in the center of a boulevard at the back of the campus and has put that into a putting green and we are using that principally for fungicide trials. We felt that we have had suggestions and criticisms from Fred and O. J. Noer and others that we have too many of our fungicide trials on green areas which do not have any trampling and are more or less babied along and don't have the conditions of a normal putting green. So we have set this up as an actual putting green! We have a sign out with three or four old putters hanging on the sign inviting people to come and use it as a putting practice green. This summer Bill has gotten the green into very good condition and we have had a great deal of play on it. We think as its reputation spreads we will have the play we desire on it. Bill has been using it principally for fungicide trials with different rates of nitrogen. He has tried this past summer the low, medium and very high rates of nitrogen and, as would be expected, he got more brownpatch where he had high nitrogen and less dollarspot. We also are using part of this mall to study some seede bents which he has put in replicated tests and some interesting clones of bents which any greenkeeper will be interested in looking at. He seeded some particular grass and he may use this for some of his Poa annua control studies. At the east he has some bermuda. He collected four bermudas which seem of interest and he has them growing down at the east end and with some other bent clones. Out at our Agronomy Farm Dr. Daniel has started some studies with warm and cool-season grass combinations. Unfortunately, he had a bad winter with his U-3 that was put in first. He established a large area of U-3 bermuda and we let it grow up during the summer. It had such a heavy top growth and growth of weeds on it that we didn't feel that mulching was necessary the first winter. We let it go through without mulching and as a consequence, we lost it all. When Fred and the fellows were out in March the stolons were nice and green and it looked like it would come through but either after that or at that time it was dead and we didn't know it. At any rate we learned our lesson about not mulching the first winter and we certainly won't do that again. He has an experiment with fescue seedings. He seeded in several strains of fescue including Burt Musser's best one. We have found the same results this summer that Mott had found in the past. We don't yet have a fescue that will stand up under our conditions out in Indiana without supplemental watering during the summer. We don't have anything that will resist helminthosporium satisfactorily. Again at the farm he has the four strains of bermuda and U-3 has looked the best this past summer. He has done a little work with crabgrass control there although the main part of our crabgrass control is being conducted in another section. He tried limited studies at the farm this past summer. He tried PMA, Sodium arsenite and potassium cyanate for August control. He wanted to come in in August and see what effect, if any, these particular treatments would have and he found that potassium cyanate apparently did give the best results by attempting to slow down the crabgrass in August. He got two relatively large replicated patches of L-16 which is one of our better local bentgrass clones and he planted it to start a nitrogen and water study on those replicated trials. We have several Zoysias both matrella and japonica which we established last summer. We mulched during this past winter and they are filling in very nicely now. They are not completely covered in at the end of this summer because we had a rather cool summer. The Z-52 and M-14 looked particularly good. The M-1 doesn't look nearly as good as the M-14. Another phase of our work which is principally under Bill Daniel's management is a graduate students problem in Poa annua control. Graduate student Lawrence Munsinmeyer is starting in this fall in turf management research and he has put out a pilot test of the whole series of chemicals. He is attempting to get some leads on Poa annua control. I won't go through the list but he has well over a dozen here which he has put out as pre-emergent sprays as well as post-emergent sprays. This study is being conducted over at the Lafayette Country Club where they have a little more Poa annua than we are able to scrape up under our conditions where we don't have as much irrigation and moisture. Our weed control work principally crabgrass control and to some extent the white clover control is directly under Mr. Ed Oyer, a graduate student in Plant Pathology and indirectly under Dr. O. C. Lee who is also of that department. Ed has had his plots out on the #2 fairway of the Purdue University South Course. He has had some interesting results this summer. He ran pre-emergent treatments using six different chemicals -- CMUNTA, Dichloral-urea, Calcium, TCA, and PMA. He found that the dichloral-urea and the TCA had only one treatment and it gave very good results considering the fact that only one treatment was used. In addition they are cooperating with the United States Golf Association in their crabgrass control program. He was testing the three chemicals-- POMA, potassium cyanate and sodium arsenite. He didn't give me the results to give you at this time. He has used Endothol and 2,4,5-T for the control of white clover and the results weren't conclusive; they need more work. The Endothol gave very good top burn kill of clover but the areas treated began to be reinfested whereas when they took 2,4,5-T he found that they got more complete kill on the experiments he conducted. Further testing certainly is necessary. The fungicide trials which normally are under Dr. Eric Sharvelle were run by Dr. Daniel this summer since Sharvelle was over in Europe for the summer and Bill used ten materials and three rates of application. He found that the cadminates generally had the most lasting effect which I think probably isn't anything now. We had two brief brownpatch attacks this summer and where he had a high nitrogen level, he found that 55% of the area was attacked and where he had a low nitrogen level only about 5% of the area was attacked. There again we see that high nitrogen is more or less contributing to brownpatch development. In our turf grass breeding work we are working with Zoysia. We have been concentrating up to now on attempting to develop some cold resistant, finer leaved strains. We have selected from several hundred plants five plants which appear to us to be the ones that we want. They have fine leaves and seem to grow rather well. We are taking them into the greenhouse this winter. These had survived temperatures of 10° above zero. We are taking them into the greebhouse this winter and will cross them and pollenate them. We will carry them through the second cycle of this cold testing. We have several individual plants selected from self-crossed pollenated seed of the Zoysia which again we will take in for developing our breeding program. In bents we are concentrating on attempting to develop fairway and tee creeping types. Just this past week we spent the week in putting out a rather large test of 18 clones which we selected from seedling plants which appear to have quite high tolerance to drought and which were dense and fine leaved and had the other characteristics we wanted. We put these out in 4 x 8 plots in three replications. We also included C-115 and Dr. Musser's polycross seed and the Highland, Colonial and ten Hyde Park plants which Fred, Bill Daniel and I saw down at Hyde Park Country Club in Cincinnati. In addition to this we have a nursery of 11 families of S-2 plants where we are staring out on a program of breeding to see what will develop in the way of uniformity as we increase these creeping bents. We have this nursery of 11 families which we replicated three times. These are S-2 plants which we are comparing with the S-1 and the perennial clones. We are testing these plants next year aiming toward the type of thing that Dr. Musser is doing in his polycross nursery. That is, to get uniformity so that we are sure when we put them into synthetic that we can come up with uniform products. That is what we would like to aim at. Fred, in a letter to me last week, mentioned the fact that at the golf tournament of the National Golf Course Superintendent's Association on September 10 and 11 in conjunction with our Field Day, he had had some comments from some members who had a bad aerating problem from the aerifying machine used. Fred asked me to bring a report on it and I gathered as much information as I could. I found that our golf course superintendent had not used as much discretion as he might have in that he aerified three greens shortly before the tournament. Of course you had the Aerifier marks showing on the green but I didn't hear a single comment from any player that it affected the putt in any way. I playd the course on the first afternoon and had a 78 and I couldn't miss many putts and shoot that in my game. This particular chap who wrote the letter was out observing but he wasn't doing any playing. While the greens looked like they may have been torn up, they weren't affecting the play and we had nothing but very excellent comments from the players. In our fairways the story was similar. There was considerable crabgrass on the fairways but there was just as much where the fairway hadn't been aerified as where they had been aerified. So we have no reason to condemn the Aerifier in any way in this respect."
Note:This item is an abstract only!
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Payne, K. 1951. [Dr. Daniel and his turf management work with Purdue]. Proc. Natl. Turf Field Days. p. 14-18.
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