Full TGIF Record # 220926
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Web URL(s):http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016920461300042X
    Last checked: 06/03/2013
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
Publication Type:
Author(s):Fraser, James Curtis; Bazuin, Joshua Theodore; Band, Lawrence E.; Grove, J. Morgan
Author Affiliation:Fraser: Department of Human and Organizational Development, Peabody College of Education and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville TN; Bazuin: Institute for Energy and the Environment, Vanderbilt University; Band: Department of Geography and Institute for the Environment, University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill; Grove: Baltimore Field Station and Baltimore Ecosystem Study (BES), Northern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Baltimore, MD
Title:Covenants, cohesion, and community: The effects of neighborhood governance on lawn fertilization
Section:Research papers
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Source:Landscape and Urban Planning. Vol. 115, July 2013, p. 30-38.
# of Pages:9
Publishing Information:Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Homeowner's associations; Fertilization; Lawn care services; Lawn maintenance; Maintenance intensity; Turf in popular culture
Abstract/Contents:"Lawn fertilization is increasingly recognized as an important contributor to non-point source pollution in watersheds, but relatively little is known about how and why homeowners fertilize. Lawns are a social expression of citizenship and belonging in many American cities, for a well-maintained yard reflects a homeowner's work ethic as well as the pride in his home. There are also neighborhood influences, as homeowners conform to the dominant neighborhood standard of lawn esthetics. Homeowners associations (HOAs) are one way in which neighborhood lawn standards are maintained, as they use written rules and unwritten expectations backed by legal means of enforcement to ensure compliance with neighborhood guidelines. This paper examines household nitrogen fertilizer application rates in Baltimore, Maryland. We find that households which place a high importance on lawn care and occupy more valuable homes fertilize at higher rates compared with neighbors who place lower importance on lawn care, and live in less expensive homes. We also examine the effects of different neighborhood governance regimes, specifically homeowners associations and neighborhood associations. Households who belong to an HOA apply more fertilizer than those who do not, but households belonging to a neighborhood association do not fertilize more than their counterparts who are not so affiliated. HOA membership also mediates the effect of lawn care importance and home value and moderates the effect of social cohesion on fertilization application rates. HOAs shape household lawn behaviors: by obliging people to maintain a high esthetic standard, they encourage higher usage of chemicals to attain those standards."
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Fraser, J. C., J. T. Bazuin, L. E. Band, and J. M. Grove. 2013. Covenants, cohesion, and community: The effects of neighborhood governance on lawn fertilization. Landscape Urban Plan. 115:p. 30-38.
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DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2013.02.013
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    Last checked: 06/03/2013
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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