Full TGIF Record # 225761
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Author(s):Gover, Arthur E.; Kuhns, Larry J.; Lyman, Gregory T.
Author Affiliation:Gover: Project Associate; Lyman: Former Project Assistant, Agronomy; Kuhns: Professor, Ornamental Horticulture
Title:Comparison of planting methods for establishment of tall fescue and hard fescue under roadside conditions
Section:1990 results: Roadside vegetation management studies
Other records with the "1990 results: Roadside vegetation management studies" Section
Source:Turfgrass Research Results 1990/1991 [Penn State]. 1991, p. 52-53.
# of Pages:2
Publishing Information:[University Park, Pennsylvania]: [Pennsylvania State University, College of Agriculture, Agronomy Dept., Entomology Dept., Horticulture Dept., Plant Pathology Dept.]
Abstract/Contents:"A study designed to evaluate the effects of site preparation and seeding methods on establishment of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) and hard fescue (Festuca longifolia) was established in Lancaster, PA, at the interchange of SR 30 and SR 222. The existing vegetation was killed with glyphosate at 3 lb ae/acre September 16, and site preparation and seeding were done September 28, 1989. Site preparation treatments were mowing alone, or mowing plus two passes with a disk. 'Kentucky 31' tall fescue and 'Aurora' hard fescue were seeded using a drop spreader or a cultipacker seeder. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with a 2 by 2 by 2 factorial treatment arrangement with four replications. Individual plots was 6 by 30 ft. After site preparation, prior to seeding, 2 tons/acre of agricultural lime and 860 lbs/acre of 10-20-20 fertilizer were applied to the study area. A selective broadleaf weed application of 2,4-D, dicamba, and triclopyr at 0.5, 0.5, and 0.38 lb ae/acre was made May 18, 1990. The primary weeds were common chickweed (Stellaria media), shepherdspurse (Capsella bursa-pastoris), field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense), and Japanese brome (Bromus japonicus). The site was mowed July 2 and Sept 13 with a flail mower at 3 in. Visual ratings of percent turf cover and weed cover were taken May 10, August 9, and December 10, 1990. The data was subjected to analysis of variance, and means were separated using Fisher's Protected l.s.d. (P=0.05). The effect of species, site preparation, or seeding method was not significant for the May 8 ratings of turf and weed cover (Table 1). There was a significant interaction between species and seeding method, as tall fescue cover was rated significantly higher when drop seeded compared to cultipacker seeding, while hard fescue turf cover was rated slightly higher for cultipacker seeding (Table 2). When rated August 9, five weeks after mowing, all treatment combinations provided excellent turf cover. Despite a turf cover rating of difference of only 3 percent, tall fescue was significantly better than hard fescue. Tall fescue also had significantly lower weed cover. The effect of site preparation was also significant for August ratings, with disked plots rating significantly lower for weed cover than undisked plots (Table 1). Only species contributed a significant effect for the December 10 ratings. Tall fescue provided more turf cover and less weed cover than hard fescue, though both species provided excellent cover (Table 1). These first year evaluations indicate that both hard fescue and tall fescue will establish well and provided excellent ground cover with minimal site preparation under the conditions present at this site."
Note:This item is an abstract and tables only!
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Gover, A. E., L. J. Kuhns, and G. T. Lyman. 1991. Comparison of planting methods for establishment of tall fescue and hard fescue under roadside conditions. Turfgrass Research Results 1990/1991 [Penn State]. p. 52-53.
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