Full TGIF Record # 225771
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Author(s):Hoyland, B. F.; Landschoot, P. J.; Clark, J.
Author Affiliation:Hoyland and Clark: Research Technologist, Agronomy; Landschoot: Assistant Professor, Turfgrass Science
Title:1990-91 performance of fine fescue varieties
Section:1991 results: Turfgrass variety evaluations
Other records with the "1991 results: Turfgrass variety evaluations" Section
Source:Turfgrass Research Results 1990/1991 [Penn State]. 1991, p. 67-73.
# of Pages:7
Publishing Information:[University Park, Pennsylvania]: [Pennsylvania State University, College of Agriculture, Agronomy Dept., Entomology Dept., Horticulture Dept., Plant Pathology Dept.]
Abstract/Contents:"With the large number of turf-type fine fescue (Festuca spp.) varieties currently on the market, it has become increasingly important for turf managers to select varieties that will provide the most desirable characteristics and highest level of performance. The National Turfgrass Evaluation Program (NTEP) was established to coordinate the evaluation of varieties and experimental selections in many locations throughout the country. In July 1990, the NTEP fine fescue variety trial was established at the Landscape Management Research Center in University Park, PA. The following is a preliminary report on fine fescue performance during 1990 and 1991. Ninety-three fine fescue varieties and experimental selections were included in this test. Each variety was seeded in 4 by 6 plots at a rate of 4.6 lb seed per 1000 sq ft. The plots were replicated three times in a randomized complete block design. The test was mowed at 1.75 inches. For three years prior to the establishment of this test, the test area supports a stand of alfalfa. The amount of nitrogen (N) supplied to the turf from the alfalfa was not determined. Prior to seeding, the test area received 4.6 lb ai per acre of Tupersan™ (siduron) and starter fertilizer at a rate of 0.5 lb N, 0.75 lb P2O5, and 0.1 lb K2O per 1000 sq ft. On 29 April 1991, 1.5 lb ai per acre of Pre-M™ (pendimethalin) was applied for crabgrass control. On 17 July 1991, 1.5 oz of Trimec™ (2,4-D, MCPP, and dicamba) per 1000 sq ft was applied to control broadleaf weeds. The test was irrigated frequently during the establishment period, and subsequently whenever necessary to prevent severe drought stress. The plots were rated on 6 September 1990 for seedling vigor, using a scale of 1-9 where 9 = most vigorous seedling growth. The plots were rated for quality throughout the 1991 growing season using a scale of 1-9 where 9 = highest quality. Quality ratings incorporated overall appearance, density, uniformity, and freedom from weeds, disease, and insect damage. The plots were rated for spring green up on 25 April, color on 19 May, stress tolerance on 23 July, mowability on 23 July, and density on 24 September, using a scale of 1-9 where 9 = the best of each criteria. In general, hard and slender creeping red fescues showed improved quality, density, and stress tolerance over chewings and creeping red fescues. Differences in quality were most apparent during the heat and drought stress periods of summer. It should be noted that the hard and slender creeping red fescues tended to have lower seedling vigor and slower spring green-up than the other fine fescues in this test."
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ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Hoyland, B. F., P. J. Landschoot, and J. Clark. 1991. 1990-91 performance of fine fescue varieties. Turfgrass Research Results 1990/1991 [Penn State]. p. 67-73.
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