Full TGIF Record # 230885
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Author(s):Wherley, Ben; Chandra, Ambika; Genovesi, Anthony; Kearns, Mason; Pepper, Tim; Thomas, Jim
Author Affiliation:Wherley, Kearns, Pepper, and Thomas: Department of Soil and Crop Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX; Chandra and Genovesi: Texas A&M AgriLIFE Research, Dallas, TX
Title:Developmental response of St. Augustinegrass grass cultivars and experimental lines in moderate and heavy shade
Section:Turf management
Other records with the "Turf management" Section
Source:HortScience. Vol. 48, No. 8, August 2013, p. 1047-1051.
# of Pages:5
Publishing Information:Alexandria, Virginia: American Society for Horticultural Science
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Breeding efficiency; Cultivar evaluation; Research; Shade resistance; Stenotaphrum secundatum
Cultivar Names:Captiva; Amerishade; PI 600734
Abstract/Contents:"St. augustinegrass [Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Kuntze] is considered to be one of the most shade-tolerant warm-season turfgrasses, yet information is lacking on intraspecies developmental responses and performance in shade. This greenhouse study was conducted to 1) compare quality, development, and physiological responses of 10 commercial and experimental lines of st. augustinegrass in moderate and heavy [32% and 15% photosynthetic photon flux (PPF), respectively] shade environments and 2) evaluate physiological and morphological indicators that could be used in rapid screening for shade tolerance among st. augustinegrass progeny from a segregating population. A range of shade tolerance was observed between the entries, as noted by quality and percent green cover after 10 weeks of imposed shade conditions. In moderate shade, most entries maintained acceptable (6 or greater) quality and greater than 50% green cover. However, in heavy shade, only 'Captiva', 'Amerishade', and 'PI 600734' maintained acceptable quality, with only PI 600734 and Captiva maintaining greater than 50% cover. TAES 5732-6, an embryo rescue-derived hybrid from 'Floratam', exhibited the least shade tolerance of the group in both shade environments. Neither chlorophyll content nor total nonstructural carbohydrates related well to observed shade quality differences between the entries. A strong correlation existed between shoot elongation rate of a cultivar and its corresponding final percent green cover in moderate shade (R2 = 0.66) but not in heavy shade (R2 = 0.19), suggesting that moderate shade may be the better environment for discriminating genetic differences among st. augustinegrass germplasm for shade tolerance."
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Wherley, B., A. Chandra, A. Genovesi, M. Kearns, T. Pepper, and J. Thomas. 2013. Developmental response of St. Augustinegrass grass cultivars and experimental lines in moderate and heavy shade. HortScience. 48(8):p. 1047-1051.
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DOI: 10.21273/HORTSCI.48.8.1047
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MSU catalog number: b2217685a
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