Full TGIF Record # 232150
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Author(s):Hephner, Andrew J.; Cooper, Tyler; Beck, Leslie L.; Henry, Gerald M.
Author Affiliation:Hephner, Cooper, and Beck: Department of Plant and Soil Science, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX; Henry: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, GA
Title:Khakiweed (Alternanthera pungens Kunth) growth response to mowing height and frequency
Section:Turf management
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Source:HortScience. Vol. 48, No. 10, October 2013, p. 1317-1319.
# of Pages:3
Publishing Information:Alexandria, Virginia: American Society for Horticultural Science
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Alternanthera pungens; Cultural control; Cynodon dactylon; Mowing frequency; Mowing height; Weed control
Abstract/Contents:"The effect of mowing regimens on lateral spread of khakiweed (Alternanthera pungens Kunth) was determined through field studies conducted over a 3-month period in Texas during 2009 and 2010. Treatments were selected to simulate mowing regimens common to intensively managed common bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon R (L.) Pers.] turf and included heights of 1.3 cm (three times/wk), 2.5 cm (two times/week), and 5.1 cm (two times/week). A non-mowed control was included for comparison. Differences in lateral spread of khakiweed among mowing regimens were apparent 4 weeks after initial treatment (WAIT). However, plant diameter increased for all mowing regimens over the course of the trial. Khakiweed plants subjected to the 1.3-cm mowing regimen did not increase in diameter from Week 2 through Week 12, whereas the other two mowing regimens exhibited steady increases in plant diameter over the same time period. By 12 WAIT, non-mowed control plots measured 80.8 cm in diameter, whereas those maintained at 1.3 cm measured 55.3 cm. Comparatively, plants subjected to the 2.5- and 5.1-cm mowing regimens measured 64.7 and 68.8 cm, respectively. Therefore, khakiweed infestations may be more prevalent in bermudagrass mowing heights commonly used for golf course roughs, athletic fields, and home lawns (2.5 cm or greater). However, the production of a thick taproot high in carbohydrate content may enable khakiweed to regenerate from frequent defoliation common to fairway mowing regimes (2.5 cm or less). Adjustments in mowing height may not be enough to effectively reduce khakiweed populations in bermudagrass turf."
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Hephner, A. J., T. Cooper, L. L. Beck, and G. M. Henry. 2013. Khakiweed (Alternanthera pungens Kunth) growth response to mowing height and frequency. HortScience. 48(10):p. 1317-1319.
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DOI: 10.21273/HORTSCI.48.10.1317
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MSU catalog number: b2217685a
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