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DOI:10.1111/j.1752-1688.2008.00259.x
Web URL(s):http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-1688.2008.00259.x/full
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http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-1688.2008.00259.x/pdf
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Publication Type:
i
Report
Author(s):Thompson, A. M.; Wilson, T.; Norman, J. M.; Gemechu, A. L.; Roa-Espinosa, A.
Author Affiliation:Wilson: Research Faculty, NOAA/Air Resources Laboratory, Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Division, Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Thompson: Assistant Professor; Gemechu: Graduate Research Assistant; Roa-Espinosa: Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Biological Systems Engineering; Norman: Professor, Department of Soil Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin
Title:Modeling the effect of summertime heating on urban runoff temperature
Section:Technical papers
Other records with the "Technical papers" Section
Source:Journal of the American Water Resources Association/AWRA. Vol. 44, No. 6, December 2008, p. 1548-1563.
# of Pages:16
Publishing Information:Minneapolis, Minnesota: American Water Resources Association
Related Web URL:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-1688.2008.00259.x/abstract
    Last checked: 11/21/2013
    Notes: Abstract only
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Heating; Summer; Surface runoff; Surface temperature; Urban habitat; Urban heat island
Abstract/Contents:"The summertime heating of runoff in urban areas is recognized as a common and consistent urban climatological phenomenon. In this study, a simple thermal urban runoff model (TURM) is presented for the net energy flux at the impervious surfaces of urban areas to account for the heat transferred to runoff. The first step in developing TURM consists of calculating the various factors that control how urban impervious areas absorb heat and transfer it to moving water on the surface. The runoff temperature is determined based on the interactions of the physical characteristics of the impervious areas, the weather, and the heat transfer between the moving film of runoff and the impervious surface common in urban areas. Key surface and weather factors that affect runoff temperature predictions are type of impervious surface, air temperature, humidity, solar radiation before and during rain, rainfall intensity, and rainfall temperature. Runoff from pervious areas is considered separately and estimated using the Green-Ampt Mein-Larson rainfall excess method. Pervious runoff temperature is estimated as the rainfall temperature. Field measurements indicate that wet bulb temperature can be used as a surrogate for rainfall temperature and that runoff temperatures from sod average just 2°C higher than rainfall temperatures. Differences between measured and predicted impervious runoff temperature average approximately 2°C, indicating that TURM is a useful tool for determining runoff temperatures for typical urban areas."
Language:English
References:34
Note:Equations
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ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Thompson, A. M., T. Wilson, J. M. Norman, and A. Roa-Espinosa. 2008. Modeling the effect of summertime heating on urban runoff temperature. Water Resour. Bull. 44(6):p. 1548-1563.
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DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2008.00259.x
Web URL(s):
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-1688.2008.00259.x/full
    Last checked: 11/21/2013
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-1688.2008.00259.x/pdf
    Last checked: 11/21/2013
    Requires: PDF Reader
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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MSU catalog number: b2206946~S1a
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