Full TGIF Record # 233665
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Web URL(s):https://web.archive.org/web/20160212101106/http://www.turfgrasssociety.eu/home/articles/code/419?headline=Trifolium%20Establishment%20and%20Maintenance%20within%20Warm-Season%20Turfgrass%20Swards%3A%20Results%20and%20Interpretations
    Last checked: 04/18/2016
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
    Notes: Guide page
Publication Type:
Author(s):McElroy, J. S.; McCurdy, J. D.
Title:Trifolium establishment and maintenance within warm-season turfgrass swards: Results and interpretations
Meeting Info.:Kristiansand, Norway: June 24-26, 2012
Source:3rd European Turfgrass Society Conference Proceedings. Vol. 3, 2012, p. Unknown.
# of Pages:0
Publishing Information:Angers, France: European Turfgrass Society
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Cultural methods; Cynodon dactylon; Establishment; Legumes; Maintenance programs; Nitrogen level; Trifolium repens; Weed control
Abstract/Contents:"Including nitrogen-fixing legumes, such as white clover (Trifolium repens) within maintained turfgrass offers a means of maintaining adequate soil nitrogen while decreasing inorganic fertilizer. However, little is known about establishing and maintaining legumes within warm-season turfgrasses. Our research reveals practical information concerning establishment and management of white clover within maintained bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon). Studies were initiated in October 2010 to evaluate white-clover establishment- methods, rates, and timing, as well as possible cool-season companion grasses. Two commercial varieties of clover were evaluated, DLF Microclover (DLF-USA, Halsey, Oregon) and a (Dutch) white clover (Main Street Seed and Supply Co., Bay City, Michigan). Establishment was observed monthly; however, observations from March to July 2011 are reported here. In general, March-observed establishment did not differ due to clover variety. However, July-observed establishment of DLF Microclover was less than that of the white clover variety. Speculatively, this was due to lack of high temperature tolerance. Scalping, verticutting, or small tine aerification prior to clover seeding (1.5 g m-2) resulted in greater March-observed clover density (530 trifoliate leaves m-2) than did non-treatment (3.8 cm un-mown turf; 375 trifoliate leaves m-2). As anticipated, March-observed establishment increased proportional to the initial seeding rate. July-observed establishment was greatest at 3.0 g m-2 rather than 6.0 g m-2. This decrease may be due to competition between clover plants or perhaps increased susceptibility to disease. March-observed establishment differed due to timing, with October establishment yielding greater densities (221 trifoliate leaves m-2) than November through February establishment dates (< 90 trifoliate leaves m-2). Companion grasses, including Lolium perenne, L. multiflorum, Agrostis stolonifera, Festuca arundinacea, or Poa trivialis, influenced March and July -observed clover establishment, perhaps due to varying grass density and emergence. Grass density was quantified during bermudagrass dormancy. These data, when paired with that of clover density, indicate clover and companion grass-density may be inversely correlated. That is, as companion grass density increases, clover density decreases."
Note:Summary appears as abstract
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
McElroy, J. S., and J. D. McCurdy. 2012. Trifolium establishment and maintenance within warm-season turfgrass swards: Results and interpretations. Eur. Turfgrass Soc. Conf. Proc. 3:p. Unknown.
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    Last checked: 04/18/2016
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
    Notes: Guide page
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