Full TGIF Record # 234125
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DOI:10.1111/j.1752-1688.2011.00534.x
Web URL(s):http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-1688.2011.00534.x/full
    Last checked: 12/11/2013
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http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-1688.2011.00534.x/pdf
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Publication Type:
i
Report
Author(s):Tsai, Yushiou; Cohen, Sara; Vogel, Richard M.
Author Affiliation:Tsai: Research Associate; Vogel: Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts; Cohen: Water Resources Specialist, Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, Boston, Massachusetts
Title:The impacts of water conservation strategies on water use: Four case studies
Source:Journal of the American Water Resources Association/AWRA. Vol. 47, No. 4, August 2011, p. 687-701.
# of Pages:15
Publishing Information:Minneapolis, Minnesota: American Water Resources Association
Related Web URL:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-1688.2011.00534.x/abstract
    Last checked: 12/11/2013
    Notes: Abstract only
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Case studies; Evaluations; Irrigation efficiency; Water conservation; Water use; Water-saving techniques
Abstract/Contents:"We assessed impacts on water use achieved by implementation of controlled experiments relating to four water conservation strategies in four towns within the Ipswich watershed in Massachusetts. The strategies included (1) installation of weather-sensitive irrigation controller switches (WSICS) in residences and municipal athletic fields; (2) installation of rainwater harvesting systems in residences; (3) two outreach programs: (a) free home indoor water use audits and water fixture retrofit kits and (b) rebates for low-water-demand toilets and washing machines; and (4) soil amendments to improve soil moisture retention at a municipal athletic field. The goals of this study are to summarize the effectiveness of the four water conservation strategies and to introduce nonparametric statistical methods for evaluating the effectiveness of these conservation strategies in reducing water use. It was found that (1) the municipal WSICS significantly reduced water use; (2) residences with high irrigation demand were more likely than low water users to experience a substantial demand decrease when equipped with the WSICS; (3) rainwater harvesting provided substantial rainwater use, but these volumes were small relative to total domestic water use and relative to the natural fluctuations in domestic water use; (4) both the audits/retrofit and rebate programs resulted in significant water savings; and (5) a modeling approach showed potential water savings from soil amendments in ball fields."
Language:English
References:27
Note:Tables
Graphs
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Tsai, Y., S. Cohen, and R. M. Vogel. 2011. The impacts of water conservation strategies on water use: Four case studies. Water Resour. Bull. 47(4):p. 687-701.
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DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2011.00534.x
Web URL(s):
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-1688.2011.00534.x/full
    Last checked: 12/11/2013
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-1688.2011.00534.x/pdf
    Last checked: 12/11/2013
    Requires: PDF Reader
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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