Full TGIF Record # 235321
Item 1 of 1
DOI:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2013.11.004
Web URL(s):http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204613002120
    Last checked: 01/23/2014
Publication Type:
i
Report
Author(s):Middel, Ariane; Häb, Kathrin; Brazel, Anthony J.; Martin, Chris A.; Guhathakurta, Subhrajit
Author Affiliation:Middel: Center for Integrated Solutions to Climate Challenges; Brazel: School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning; Martin: Science and Mathematics Faculty, School of Letters and Sciences, Arizona State University; Häb: Department of Computer Science, University of Kaiserslautern, Germany; Guhathakurta: Center for Geographic Information Systems, Georgia Institute of Technology
Title:Impact of urban form and design on mid-afternoon microclimate in Phoenix Local Climate Zones
Source:Landscape and Urban Planning. Vol. 122, February 2014, p. 16-28.
# of Pages:13
Publishing Information:Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Design factors; Heat resistance; Microclimate; Semiarid climates; Urban landscaping
Abstract/Contents:"This study investigates the impact of urban form and landscaping type on the mid-afternoon microclimate in semi-arid Phoenix, Arizona. The goal is to find effective urban form and design strategies to ameliorate temperatures during the summer months. We simulated near-ground air temperatures for typical residential neighborhoods in Phoenix using the three-dimensional microclimate model ENVI-met. The model was validated using weather observations from the North Desert Village (NDV) landscape experiment, located on the Arizona State University's Polytechnic campus. The NDV is an ideal site to determine the model's input parameters, since it is a controlled environment recreating three prevailing residential landscape types in the Phoenix metropolitan area (mesic, oasis, and xeric). After validation, we designed five neighborhoods with different urban forms that represent a realistic cross-section of typical residential neighborhoods in Phoenix. The scenarios follow the Local Climate Zone (LCZ) classification scheme after Stewart and Oke. We then combined the neighborhoods with three landscape designs and, using ENVI-met, simulated microclimate conditions for these neighborhoods for a typical summer day. Results were analyzed in terms of mid-afternoon air temperature distribution and variation, ventilation, surface temperatures, and shading. Findings show that advection is important for the distribution of within-design temperatures and that spatial differences in cooling are strongly related to solar radiation and local shading patterns. In mid-afternoon, dense urban forms can create local cool islands. Our approach suggests that the LCZ concept is useful for planning and design purposes."
Language:English
References:40
Note:Pictures, color
Figures
Tables
Graphs
Geographic Terms:Phoenix, Arizona
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Middel, A., K. Häb, A. J. Brazel, C. A. Martin, and S. Guhathakurta. 2014. Impact of urban form and design on mid-afternoon microclimate in Phoenix Local Climate Zones. Landscape Urban Plan. 122:p. 16-28.
Fastlink to access this record outside TGIF: https://tic.msu.edu/tgif/flink?recno=235321
If there are problems with this record, send us feedback about record 235321.
Choices for finding the above item:
DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2013.11.004
Web URL(s):
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204613002120
    Last checked: 01/23/2014
Find Item @ MSU
MSU catalog number: b2322641
Find from within TIC:
   Digitally in TIC by record number.
Request through your local library's inter-library loan service (bring or send a copy of this TGIF record)