Full TGIF Record # 237428
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Publication Type:
Author(s):Nan, Zhibiao
Author Affiliation:Gansu Grassland Ecological Research Institute, Lanzhou
Title:Incidence and distribution of endophytic fungi in seeds of some native and introduced grasses in China
Source:[Caoye Xuebao] [Acta Prataculturae Sinica]. Vol. 5, No. 2, June 30 1996, p. 1-8.
# of Pages:8
Publishing Information:[Lanzhou Shi, China]: ["Cao Ye Xue Bao" Bian Ji Wei Yuan Hui]
Abstract/Contents:"Levels of endophytic fungi infection in seed samples of some grass species which are either native in China or introduced from USA or Canada were determined. The results showed that among 22 genera, 48 species and 84 seed samples of native grass tested, endophyte was detected in seed of 7 samples belonging to 6 species. They are, in order of decreasing incidence, Festuca sincensis (100%), F. rubra (80%), Hoderum bogdanii (18%), Leymus chinensis (12%), Bromus magnus (10%), B. inermis (6.0%), and another ecotype of F. sincensis (4.5%). The percentage of seed infection in the introduced species was much higher than that in the native species, which is up to 40% of total 70 seed samples tested which belong to 6 genera, 16 species and 51 varieties. Among them 75% of ryegrass (Lolium perenne) samples was found to contain endophyte with the highest infection (92%) detected in the seeds of cv. Saturn from Canada and the lowest (9.0%) obtained from an unknown American variety. For the species of Festuca, 41.7% of seed samples tested contained endophyte with the highest rate (100%) found in the seeds of hard fescue (F. ovina var. auriuscula cv. SR-300), and the lowest (4.4%) in an unknown American variety of F. rubra. Whereas only one sample in each of genus of Agrostis and Poa tested was found containing endophyte with the infection of 2.0% and 16%, respectively."
Note:Abstract also appears in English
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Nan, Z. 1996. Incidence and distribution of endophytic fungi in seeds of some native and introduced grasses in China. (In Chinese) [Caoye Xuebao] [Acta Prataculturae Sinica]. 5(2):p. 1-8.
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