Full TGIF Record # 26690
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Author(s):Wheeler, D. M.; Edmeades, D. C.; Smith, D. R.; Wedderburn, M. E.
Author Affiliation:Ruakura Agriculture Centre, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Private Bag, Hamilton, NZ; Hastings Research Centre, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Hastings, NZ; Whatawhata Research Centre, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Private Bag, Hamilton, NZ
Title:Screening perennial rye-grass from New Zealand for aluminium tolerance
Source:Plant and Soil. Vol. 146, No. 1/2, October 1992, p. 9-19.
# of Pages:11
Publishing Information:Dordrecht, Netherland: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Related Web URL:http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00011990
    Last checked: 10/14/2015
    Notes: Abstract only
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Lolium perenne; Yield response; Aluminum; Resistance; Breeding
Abstract/Contents:"Approximately 11,500 seedlings from 510 lines of perennial rye-grass (Lolium perenne L.) were screened for tolerance to aluminium (Al) using a low ionic strength `still' solution culture technique. Although none of the individual lines were consistently more tolerant than any other line, 23 individual plants were selected from 13 lines for superior vigour and colour in the presence of Al. The growth of three of these elite plants was examined on a reconstructed acid soil profile protected from prevailing weather conditions allowing control of the moisture status of the soil. The plants selected for Al tolerance in solution culture had significantly higher yields before drought and after recovery from drought than the rye-grass cultivars, Ariki, Ellett and Droughtmaster and 4 other hill country lines which were previously selected for high yields in the presence and absence of nitrogen, and for drought and grassgrub resistance. Of the total number of plants tested from all cultivars and lines, <2% had yields that were greater than one third of the yields of the 3 Al tolerant plants. The better performance of the Al tolerant plants is attributed to better root growth in the acid soil. Three polycrosses were made from the 23 Al tolerant plants selected in solution culture. When tested in solution culture, the yields of the half-sib families in the presence of Al averaged approximately twice that of Grasslands Nui in one experiment, but were similar to Grasslands Nui in another. Heritability of total yield and relative yield in the presence of Al, calculated from half-sib measurements on a single replicate basis, averaged 0.33 and 0.24 respectively. Individual plants from the half-sib families from two polycrosses were grown in a nursery and heading date and vigour recorded. There were no significant differences in heading data between the polycross lines and either of the cultivars Grasslands Nui or Yatsyn. Although there were significant differences in spring vigour between lines, they were not significantly different from either Grasslands Nui or Yatsyn. Twelve of the polycross lines showed decreased vigour in summer and autumn. This decline in vigour was attributed to damage from Argentine stem weevil (Listronotus bonariensis) as a consequence of low levels of lolium endophyte (Acremonoim lolii)."
Geographic Terms:New Zealand
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Wheeler, D. M., D. C. Edmeades, D. R. Smith, and M. E. Wedderburn. 1992. Screening perennial rye-grass from New Zealand for aluminium tolerance. Plant Soil. 146(1/2):p. 9-19.
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