Full TGIF Record # 267370
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DOI:10.1111/gfs.12157
Web URL(s):http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/enhanced/doi/10.1111/gfs.12157/
    Last checked: 12/03/2015
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    Notes: "Enhanced Article (HTML)"
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gfs.12157/full
    Last checked: 12/03/2015
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gfs.12157/epdf
    Last checked: 12/03/2015
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Publication Type:
i
Refereed
Author(s):Malcolm, B. J.; Moir, J. L.; Cameron, K. C.; Di, H. J.; Edwards, G. R.
Author Affiliation:Malcolm and Edwards: Department of Agricultural Sciences, Lincoln University, Christchurch; Malcolm: The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Limited; Moir, Cameron, and Di: Centre for Soil and Environmental Research, Lincoln University, Lincoln, Canterbury, New Zealand
Title:Influence of plant growth and root architecture of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) on N recovery during winter
Source:Grass and Forage Science. Vol. 70, No. 4, December 2015, p. 600-610.
# of Pages:11
Publishing Information:[Oxford, England, United Kingdom]: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Related Web URL:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gfs.12157/abstract
    Last checked: 12/03/2015
    Notes: Abstract only
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Festuca arundinacea; Lolium multiflorum; Nitrate losses; Nitrogen uptake; Root length density; Root systems; Winter dormancy
Abstract/Contents:"Nitrate (NO3-) leaching is an environmental and health concern. In grazed pasture systems, NO3- leaching primarily occurs beneath animal urine patch areas due to high nitrogen (N) loading and the inability of pasture plants to capture all of this N. This study investigated the relative importance of plant growth and root architecture to recover soil N. Herbage N recovery, dry matter (DM) yield and root architecture, following injections of 15N-enriched urea at different soil depths (5, 25 and 45 cm), were measured for Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) and tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) grown in soil monolith lysimeters (18 cm diameter × 70 cm depth) under simulated South Island, New Zealand winter temperature and light levels. Total herbage N uptake and DM yield were on average 24 and 48% greater in L. multiflorum than F. arundinacea respectively. Root length density (cm cm-3 soil) in the 5- to 25-cm-depth horizon was similar between species. In the 25- to 45-cm-depth horizon, F. arundinacea roots were found at higher densities than L. multiflorum. In the 45- to 65-cm-depth horizon, root length density was fourfold to ninefold higher for F. arundinacea than L. multiflorum, but N uptake efficiency was greater in L. multiflorum (0·48 mg 15N m-1 root) than F. arundinacea (0·09 mg 15N m-1 root). The results suggest that deep F. arundinacea roots are relatively inactive during the winter period and confirm that plant growth is more important than root architecture (e.g. deep roots) to recover soil N and ultimately reduce nitrate leaching losses."
Language:English
References:29
Note:Equation
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ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Malcolm, B. J., J. L. Moir, K. C. Cameron, H. J. Di, and G. R. Edwards. 2015. Influence of plant growth and root architecture of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) on N recovery during winter. Grass Forage Sci. 70(4):p. 600-610.
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DOI: 10.1111/gfs.12157
Web URL(s):
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/enhanced/doi/10.1111/gfs.12157/
    Last checked: 12/03/2015
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
    Notes: "Enhanced Article (HTML)"
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gfs.12157/full
    Last checked: 12/03/2015
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gfs.12157/epdf
    Last checked: 12/03/2015
    Requires: PDF Reader
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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