Full TGIF Record # 269871
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Web URL(s):https://archive.lib.msu.edu/tic/its/articles/1974sup2a.pdf
    Last checked: 03/15/2016
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Publication Type:
Content Type:Abstract or summary only
Author(s):Burton, G. W.
Author Affiliation:Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station
Title:Breeding bermudagrass Cynodon sp. for turf
Other records with the "Turfgrasses" Section
Meeting Info.:Blacksburg, Virginia: June 19-21, 1973
Source:Abstracts of Papers Presented at the Second International Turfgrass Research Conference. 1973, p. 2.
# of Pages:1
Publishing Information:Blacksburg, Virginia: [International Turfgrass Society]
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Breeding aims; Breeding program; Cold resistance; Cultivar evaluation; Cultivar improvement; Cynodon; Cynodon dactylon; Cynodon dactylon x Cynodon transvaalensis; Drought resistance; Heat resistance; Pest resistance; Shade resistance; Variety trials; Wear resistance
Cultivar Names:Tiflawn; Tiffine; Tifgreen; Tifway; Tifdwarf
Abstract/Contents:"Bermudagrass (Cynodon spp.) is the South's most versatile turfgrass. When properly managed, it is able to withstand daily defoliation to a height of 6mm, on the golf green, tolerate severe punishment on the football field, or make a beautiful lawn. The ideal turfgrass should be a dependable perennial capable of maintaining a green, dense, weed-free turf under frequent mowing. It should be resistant to pests (diseases, insects, etc.) and wear; tolerant of shade, cold, drought, heat, and chemicals, and it should possess low weed potential - all this at low establishment and low maintenance costs. Plant breeding can create plants that more nearly embody these ideals. Vegetative propagation of these super-plants is commercially practicable. Out of the natural vanation in the species have come selections better suited to specific turf demands. 'U-3', discovered on a Georgia golf course, was the first of these. 'Tiflawn', an F1 hybrid between two C. dactylon (L.) Pers. selections, released in 1952, is still tops for football fields and heavy duty turf. C. dactylon x C. transvaalensis Burtt- Davy hybrids, 'Tiffine', 'Tifgreen', and 'Tifway' are sterile, fine-textured hybrids better suited to golf and home lawns. 'Tifdwarf', a dwarf mutant of 'Tifgreen', mowed at 5 mm and properly managed, makes a putting surface comparable with the best bentgrasses. Mutation breeding (exposing dormant sprigs of these sterile hybrids to gamma irradiation) offers a means of improving them. A total of 158 mutants, currently being evaluated at Tifton, Ga., show many promising variations from their parent clones. Excellent turf grasses with greater winter hardiness than those currently available should be found within the 480 F1 hybrids (recently made) between selected C. transvaalensis introductions and a very winter hardy C. dactylon from Berlin."
Note:This item is an abstract only!
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Burton, G. W. 1973. Breeding bermudagrass Cynodon sp. for turf. Int. Turfgrass Soc. Annexe - Tech. Pap. p. 2.
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    Last checked: 03/15/2016
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