Full TGIF Record # 269962
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Web URL(s):https://archive.lib.msu.edu/tic/its/articles/1974sup41.pdf
    Last checked: 03/15/2016
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Publication Type:
Content Type:Abstract or summary only
Author(s):Duell, R. W.; Schmit, R. M.
Author Affiliation:Rutgers University
Title:Grass varieties for roadsides
Other records with the "Roadsides" Section
Meeting Info.:Blacksburg, Virginia: June 19-21, 1973
Source:Abstracts of Papers Presented at the Second International Turfgrass Research Conference. 1973, p. 41.
# of Pages:1
Publishing Information:Blacksburg, Virginia: [International Turfgrass Society]
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Choice of cultivar; Cultivar evaluation; Environmental factors; Fertilization timing; Festuca rubra subsp. commutata; Mowing frequency; Poa pratensis; Public involvement; Stemminess
Abstract/Contents:"More miles of roadside grasses to maintain on restricted budgets at a time when the public is more mindful of environmental quality prompted the search for superior grasses for this use. Grasses currently specified for roadsides were compared with other commercially available turfgrass varieties, plant introductions, local selections, and progenies of specific breeding programs. Testing was done primarily on roadsides or under conditions simulating roadsides, with emphasis on minimum fertilization and mowing after establishment. Stemminess appears to be a major problem with grasses presently used along our roadsides, particularly with the increasing unmowed acreage. Spreading fine fescues appear promising in this role, for in the seedling stage they exhibit the necessary vigor, they manifest a rich green color most months of the year, retain their color during drought, produce a dense canopy that excludes weeds, are rhizomatous and fill voids quickly, are good seed producers when managed for seed production, but when unmowed produce a minimum of seed stalks. The 'common' types of Kentucky bluegrass have long foliage, produce moderate numbers of seed stalks which lodge readily, persist under low fertility better than good turf types do, and appear compatible with spreading or creeping fescues. Short-leaved Kentucky bluegrass varieties and the Chewings fescues require mowing, and more fertility and moisture to maintain acceptable appearances. At least one hard fescue variety maintained good green color under minimum maintenance, but its compatability [compatibility] with long-leaved grasses is doubtful. Disease was a serious factor under roadside conditions only with ryegrass. All perennial ryegrasses tested proved susceptible to anthracnose. Smothering when unmowed was serious with certain fine fescues, but not with Kentucky bluegrass varieties. While turfgrasses have been rather thorough]y studied under intensive management, the suitability of grass varieties for roadsides is only now being elucidated. clearly different factors are operative, and specific varieties appear warranted for roadside turf."
Note:This item is an abstract only!
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Duell, R. W., and R. M. Schmit. 1973. Grass varieties for roadsides. Int. Turfgrass Soc. Annexe - Tech. Pap. p. 41.
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    Last checked: 03/15/2016
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