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Web URL(s):https://archive.lib.msu.edu/tic/its/articles/1977sup64.pdf
    Last checked: 03/17/2016
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Publication Type:
i
Report
Content Type:Abstract or summary only
Author(s):Kamp, H. A.
Author Affiliation:Nederlandse Sport Federatie, van Karnebeeklaan, 's-Gravenhage, Netherlands
Title:Practical research and results on spiking with knives on footballpitches
Section:Session 7
Other records with the "Session 7" Section
Meeting Info.:Munich, Germany: July 11-13, 1977
Source:International Turfgrass Society Program: III International Turfgrass Research Conference. 1977, p. 64.
# of Pages:1
Publishing Information:Munich, Germany: [International Turfgrass Society]
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Evaluative methods; Maintenance programs; Soccer fields; Spiking; Sports turf maintenance; Traffic simulators
Cultivar Names:Papendal
Abstract/Contents:"The Dutch Sports Federation is an Advisory-office for all Dutch Sports Associations. The section Sportaccommodation advises among other on Soil, Turf and Maintenance. To do this part of advisory work in the right way, there are and there have been quite a lot of trials on "Papendal". All trials are done in a practical way (remember the studded roller for artificial wear on grass). A few years ago the N.S.F. started a practical trial for spiking on one footballpitch in the municipality of Epe. As the results were very impressive, the trial was increased and also the spiking was increased. The first results were on (0-5 cm). 1. a decrease of % organic matter 2. an increasing dry root weight 3. lower moisture content. As subjective result the earlier start of growth in spring can be mentioned. The second trial did point in the same direction as the first one. Still running is a trial on 6 footballpitches, divided in 2 x 3 pitches. The 3 pitches are than divided in: a. main-pitch of sports area b. normal pitch c. training area On those footballpitches maintenance is well done but not excessive. The soil is sandy (M50 160-250 mu) with 4-8% organic matter and less than 10 %< 50 mu. The use of the pitches varies from normal till very intensive e.g.: 2 plays a weekend on a mainpitch and 4 evenings a week training + 3 plays on a weekend and 4 evenings a week training on a normal pitch. Fertilizing is done the way it is advised in the Netherlands, based on a soil analysis of the Soil Test Laboratory in Oosterbeek for pH, P-A1, K-HCl and MGO. The nitrogen supply is about 200 kg. pure nitrogen/ha/year. The normal N-fertilizer is calcium-ammoniumnitrate (26 % N). Only mowing is done when it is necessary. The height is 3 1/2 em. During spring and autumn and 4 1/2 cm. in summer. Spiking is done very intensively in spring before the sanddressing. During winter spiking is done once a week to stimulate the surface draining. In the test period figures are gathered about: dry root weight, % organic matter, moisture content, shear strength. With these trials we hope to stimulate better maintenance to improve the use of sportsfields."
Language:English
References:0
Note:This item is an abstract only!
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Kamp, H. A. 1977. Practical research and results on spiking with knives on footballpitches. Int. Turfgrass Soc. Annexe - Tech. Pap. p. 64.
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https://archive.lib.msu.edu/tic/its/articles/1977sup64.pdf
    Last checked: 03/17/2016
    Requires: PDF Reader
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