Full TGIF Record # 273334
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DOI:10.1016/j.scienta.2016.05.008
Web URL(s):http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304423816302424
    Last checked: 07/13/2016
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited access website
Publication Type:
i
Refereed
Author(s):Hajri, H.; Mhadhebi, R.; Ghorbel, A.; Armstrong, J.; Ben Salem-Fnayou, A.
Author Affiliation:Hajri, Mhadhebi, Ghorbel, and Ben Salem-Fnayou: Laboratory of Plant Molecular Physiology, Center of Biotechnology of Borj-Cedria, Hammam-Lif, Tunisia; Armstrong: Weed Science Extension Specialist, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK
Title:Physiological and leaf ultrastructural characteristics of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) biotypes from Tunsia under sulfonylurea herbicide application
Source:Scientia Horticulturae. Vol. 207, August 5 2016, p. 28-32.
# of Pages:5
Publishing Information:Amsterdam, Elsevier
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Acetolactate synthase-inhibiting herbicides; Acetyl-CoA carboxylase inhibitors; Herbicide efficacy; Herbicide evaluation; Herbicide resistance; Lolium perenne; Mechanism of resistance; Pinoxaden; Ryegrass control; Sulfonylurea herbicides; Wax coatings
Abstract/Contents:"During the last decade, reduced efficacy and failure to control perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) with labeled rates of Acetolactate Synthase (ALS) inhibitor herbicide (MSM-IDS) were reported. In this context, the effects of MSM-IDS (Sulfonylurea) on suspected resistant (Mateur) and susceptible (Tinja) ryegrass biotypes, prospected in Tunisian wheat fields, were investigated in comparison with those of Pinoxaden, an Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (ACCase) inhibitor herbicide, based on physiological and ultrastructural studies. At their labeled rates, both herbicides significantly affected biomass and gas exchange of Tinja biotype. In Mateur biotype, similar responses as control were observed after ALS inhibitor application. At the molecular level, the most common mutations (P197 and W574) of the ALS gene were not identified in Mateur biotype. Microscopically, a marked collapse of Tinja biotype mesophyll cells was observed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) after both herbicide applications. However, Mateur biotype mesophyll surface exhibited abundant epicuticular wax deposits and was not affected by ALS inhibitor herbicide. By Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), cuticle in Mateur biotype presented a continuous thick lamellate region, while in Tinja biotype, the lamellate region was discontinuous indicating an easy diffusion of MSM-IDS through the cuticle. MSM-IDS resistant Tunisian Mateur ryegrass biotype seems to have developed efficient micromorphological and ultrastructural barriers against sulfonylurea absorption, which in turn allowed a photosynthetic capacity similar to control."
Language:English
References:19
Note:Pictures, color & b/w
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ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Hajri, H., R. Mhadhebi, A. Ghorbel, J. Armstrong, and A. Ben Salem-Fnayou. 2016. Physiological and leaf ultrastructural characteristics of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) biotypes from Tunsia under sulfonylurea herbicide application. Scientia Horticulturae. 207:p. 28-32.
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DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2016.05.008
Web URL(s):
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304423816302424
    Last checked: 07/13/2016
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited access website
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MSU catalog number: b4895016~S1a
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