Full TGIF Record # 275212
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Web URL(s):http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1618866715301436
    Last checked: 09/12/2016
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
Publication Type:
Author(s):Mirabile, Massimo; Bretzel, Francesca; Gaetani, Monica; Lulli, Filippo; Volterrani, Marco
Author Affiliation:Gaetani and Volterrani: Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment; Mirabile: University of Pisa; Bretzel: CNR, Institute of Ecosystem Study; Lulli: Turf Europe; Pisa, Italy
Title:Improving aesthetic and diversity of bermudagrass lawn in its dormancy period
Source:Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. Vol. 18, August 1 2016, p. 190-197.
# of Pages:8
Publishing Information:Jena, Germany: Urban & Fischer
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Aesthetic values; Cultivar evaluation; Cynodon dactylon; Cynodon dactylon x Cynodon transvaalensis; Dormancy; Wildflowers
Cultivar Names:Tifway 419
Abstract/Contents:"Among warm season grasses, Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers, commonly called bermudagrass, is one of the species that better tolerates drought stress and is the most widely employed for turf in Italy. When temperatures drop below 0 °C, bermudagrass plants enter dormancy and eventually leaves turn brown. In spring, exit from dormancy occurs when soil temperatures persist for several days with an average above 10 °C. The management of an ornamental turf during dormancy could include the use of other herbaceous species able to enhance aesthetic quality, although no study has so far been carried out on the potential for combined planting of warm season grasses, wildflowers and/or bulbous species. The present study was carried out to (a) evaluate the possibility of integrating into the dormant Cynodon dactylon x C. Transvaalensis cv. Tifway 419 lawn some plants able to enhance the ornamental aspect and biodiversity, (b) attempt to identify the best species, (c) observe phenomena of competition, and (d) define the protocol for cultivation of a lawn composed of hybrid bermudagrass, bulbous, annual and perennial herbaceous plant species. The experiment was carried out on a mature (over 5 years-old) sward of hybrid bermudagrass on which eight bulbous species (geophytes) were planted and eight species of native forbs (wildflowers) were sown. Forbs that could coexist after two years with bermudagrass were B. perennis and G. molle. Concerning the bulbous species C. pulchellus, M. neglectum, G. nivalis and N. minor were suitable to be planted in a Bermuda grass. The presence of these species on a dormant bermudagrass turf improved the aesthetical quality and the diversity of the vegetation; as the studied species are able to attract pollinating insects therefore, support a habitat. Further studies will be required to test the most suitable forbs as a mix in combination with bulbous species."
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ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Mirabile, M., F. Bretzel, M. Gaetani, F. Lulli, and M. Volterrani. 2016. Improving aesthetic and diversity of bermudagrass lawn in its dormancy period. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 18:p. 190-197.
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DOI: 10.1016/j.ufug.2016.06.007
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    Last checked: 09/12/2016
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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MSU catalog number: b5268048~S1a
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