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Web URL(s):http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204617301081
    Last checked: 07/14/2017
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Author(s):Wheeler, Megan M.; Neill, Christopher; Groffman, Peter M.; Avolio, Meghan; Bettez, Neil; Cavender-Bares, Jeannine; Chowdhury, Rinku Roy; Darling, Lindsay; Grove, J. Morgan; Hall, Sharon J.; Heffernan, James B.; Hobbie, Sarah E.; Larson, Kelli L.; Morse, Jennifer L.; Nelson, Kristen C.; Ogden, Laura A.; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath; Pataki, Diane E.; Polsky, Colin; Steele, Meredith; Trammell, Tara L. E.
Author Affiliation:Wheeler: Ecosystems Center, Marine Biological Laboratory and School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ; Neill: Ecosystems Center, Marine Biological Laboratory and Woods Hole Research Center; Groffman: Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies and Advanced Science Research Center, City University of New York; Avolio and Pataki: Department of Biology, University of Utah; Bettez: Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies; Cavender-Bares and Hobbie: Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota; Chowdhury: Department of Geography, Indiana University and Graduate School of Geography, Clark University; Darling: Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences, Northwestern University; Grove: Baltimore Field Station, USDA Forest Service; Hall: School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University; Heffernan: Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University; Larson: School of Geographic Science and Urban Planning, School of Sustainability, Arizona State University; Morse: Department of Environmental Science and Management, Portland State University; Nelson: Department of Forest Resources and Department of Fisheries, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology, University of Minnesota; Ogden: Department of Anthropology, Dartmouth College; O'Neil-Dunne: Spatial Analysis Laboratory, Rubenstein School of Environment & Natural Resources, University of Vermont; Polsky: Florida Center for Environmental Studies, Florida Atlantic University; Steele: Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Science, Virginia Tech; Trammell: Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Delaware
Title:Continental-scale homogenization of residential lawn plant communities
Source:Landscape and Urban Planning. Vol. 165, September 2017, p. 54-63.
# of Pages:10
Publishing Information:Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier
Related Web URL:http://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0169204617301081-mmc1.docx
    Last checked: 07/14/2017
    Requires: Microsoft Word
    Notes: Supplementary file
    Last checked: 07/14/2017
    Requires: Microsoft Excel
    Notes: Supplementary table
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Biodiversity; Economic factors; Ecosystems; Environmental factors; Evaluations; Lawn turf; Regional variation; Urban landscaping
Abstract/Contents:"Residential lawns are highly managed ecosystems that occur in urbanized landscapes across the United States. Because they are ubiquitous, lawns are good systems in which to study the potential homogenizing effects of urban land use and management together with the continental-scale effects of climate on ecosystem structure and functioning. We hypothesized that similar homeowner preferences and management in residential areas across the United States would lead to low plant species diversity in lawns and relatively homogeneous vegetation across broad geographical regions. We also hypothesized that lawn plant species richness would increase with regional temperature and precipitation due to the presence of spontaneous, weedy vegetation, but would decrease with household income and fertilizer use. To test these predictions, we compared plant species composition and richness in residential lawns in seven U.S. metropolitan regions. We also compared species composition in lawns with understory vegetation in minimally-managed reference areas in each city. As expected, the composition of cultivated turfgrasses was more similar among lawns than among reference areas, but this pattern also held among spontaneous species. Plant species richness and diversity varied more among lawns than among reference areas, and more diverse lawns occurred in metropolitan areas with higher precipitation. Native forb diversity increased with precipitation and decreased with income, driving overall lawn diversity trends with these predictors as well. Our results showed that both management and regional climate shaped lawn species composition, but the overall homogeneity of species regardless of regional context strongly suggested that management was a more important driver."
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Wheeler, M. M., C. Neill, P. M. Groffman, M. Avolio, N. Bettez, J. Cavender-Bares, et al. 2017. Continental-scale homogenization of residential lawn plant communities. Landscape Urban Plan. 165:p. 54-63.
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DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.05.004
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    Last checked: 07/14/2017
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MSU catalog number: b2322641
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