Full TGIF Record # 29062
Item 1 of 1
Publication Type:
i
Report
Author(s):Gibbs, R. J.; Adams, W. A.
Author Affiliation:Soil Science Unit, University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK
Title:The damage to a natural turf soccer pitch caused by children of two different age groups
Translated Title:Schädigung eines Naturrasen-Fußballplatzes durch Kinder verschiedener Altersgruppen
Source:Zeitschrift f√ľr Vegetationstechnik. Vol. 13, No. 3, July-September 1990, p. 99-103.
# of Pages:5
Publishing Information:Hannover, W. Germany: Patzer Verlag GmbH and Co. KG, Alter Flughafen
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Soccer fields; Injuries; Wear testing; Records; Weather; Soil moisture
Abstract/Contents:"The damage caused by two contrasting age groups of children (under 12 and 12-16 years) playing Association Football (soccer) on two naturally drained soil based pitches was monitored during five days of intensive play. A contrast in soil moisture conditions was established in order to assess the interaction of wear with soil moisture content. Measurements were confined to the centre circle and included % live ground cover, surface hardness, surface traction, penetration resistance and air-filled porosity. Records were also kept on the number of players in each match and hours of soccer use. The experiment was confounded by difficulties associated with standardizing pitch usage during the monitoring period, a feature which is typical of field work involving real pitches. Despite this, the results demonstrated that there was an overriding effect of soil moisture content on the degree of wear, which for some measurements, masked the effect of the different age groups. In this respect, loss of percentage ground cover and surface traction was greatest under the wettest soil conditions, but the magnitude of the loss appeared similar for both age groups for a given level of usage. Both age groups also reduced surface air filled porosity under wet soil conditions to below acceptable limits. Changes in the hardness and penetration resistance results were more difficult to interpret because it was impossible to standardize surface conditions at the beginning of the experiment. Nevertheless, for a given level of wear, numerical differences between the wet and dry areas within each age group were greater for the 12-16 age group than for the under 12 age group, suggesting that the former age group caused more mechanical disruption to the pitch surface. It is concluded that scaling factors used to reduce the effect of junior players on the degree of wear are too simplistic because the range of factors embodied in the concept of wear are not affected equally."
Language:English
References:10
Note:Tables
Graphs
Summary Lang: De
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Gibbs, R. J., and W. A. Adams. 1990. The damage to a natural turf soccer pitch caused by children of two different age groups. Zeitschrift f√ľr Vegetationstechnik. 13(3):p. 99-103.
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