Full TGIF Record # 29148
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Web URL(s):https://academic.oup.com/ee/article/19/4/1037/2480482/Biology-Distribution-and-Taxonomy-of-Billbug-Turf
    Last checked: 02/17/2017
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
Publication Type:
Author(s):Johnson-Cicalese, J. M.; Wolfe, G. W.; Funk, C. R.
Author Affiliation:Soils and Crops Department, Department of Economic Entomology and Zoology, and Soils and Crops Department, Rutgers University, New Jersey
Title:Biology, distribution, and taxonomy of billbug turf pests (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
Source:Environmental Entomology. Vol. 19, No. 4, August 1990, p. 1037-1046.
# of Pages:10
Publishing Information:College Park, MD: Entomological Society of America
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Insecta; Sphenophorus; Biology; Distribution; Injuries
Abstract/Contents:"The seasonal distributions and biology of four species of billbug on New Jersey turfs during 1986 and 1987 were examined; Sphenophorus parvulus Gyllenhal, a common pest of turfgrass, and three additional species, S. venatus s.l. (Say), S. minimus Hart, and S. inaequalis (Say), that had previously been overlooked as pests of cool-season turfgrasses in New Jersey. Linear pitfall trap collection of adults indicated: (1) a nearly equal overall abundance of the four species, (2) greater activity of S. inaequalis in the early spring and autumn, and (3) continued activity of S. venatus through the summer. The abundance of S. venatus adults throughout the summer, and continuous egg laying of all four species through August suggested a partial second generation. Larvae of all four species were found damaging cool-season turfgrasses during July. Laboratory-rearing work found little difference in the number of days for egg hatching and pupation, but a longer larval period for S. venatus. To facilitate identification and study by turfgrass specialists, an illustrated key to eight known billbug turf pests is provided and their geographic distributions in the United States are reviewed."
Note:Pictures, b/w
Geographic Terms:New Jersey
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Johnson-Cicalese, J. M., G. W. Wolfe, and C. R. Funk. 1990. Biology, distribution, and taxonomy of billbug turf pests (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Environ. Entomol. 19(4):p. 1037-1046.
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    Last checked: 02/17/2017
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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